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Headword: Ἀγχιστεύς
Adler number: alpha,407
Translated headword: next-of-kin
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Also [sc. attested is] ἀγχιστεία ["closeness"], [meaning] kinship.[1]
Also [sc. attested is] ἀγχιστεῖς ["those who are close"], those from the siblings and cousins and uncles on the paternal and maternal sides nearest to the deceased.[2] Those beyond these [are] only "relatives" [sungeneis]. Those who by marriage are mixed in households are called "intimates" [oikeioi].
Greek Original:
Ἀγχιστεύς. καὶ Ἀγχιστεία, συγγένεια. καὶ Ἀγχιστεῖς, οἱ ἀπὸ ἀδελφῶν καὶ ἀνεψιῶν καὶ θείων κατὰ πατέρα καὶ μητέρα ἐγγυτάτω τοῦ τελευτήσαντος. οἱ δὲ ἔξω τούτων, συγγενεῖς μόνον. οἱ δὲ κατ' ἐπιγαμίαν μιχθέντες τοῖς οἴκοις οἰκεῖοι λέγονται.
Notes:
The unglossed primary headword is the concrete noun ἀγχιστεύς , literally one who is close. The entry goes on, first, to the cognate abstract noun (with a single-word gloss) and to the plural of the headword, which at last elicits a full definition: see further below.
See also alpha 408, alpha 409.
[1] Same glossing in other lexica; references at Photius alpha296 Theodoridis (which continues with the rest of this material).
[2] "The statutorily defined group of kin who had both rights and duties in default of direct heirs": S.C. Todd, The Shape of Athenian Law (Oxford 1993) 217.
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; law; women
Translated by: David Mirhady on 11 May 1999@12:12:00.
Vetted by:
David Mirhady on 12 May 1999@10:33:48.
David Whitehead (modified headword; added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 24 July 2001@07:36:22.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 9 January 2012@07:52:10.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 19 August 2013@05:07:10.

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