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Headword: *)aristofa/nhs
Adler number: alpha,3932
Translated headword: Aristophanes
Vetting Status: high
A Rhodian or Lindian, though some said an Egyptian, some a Kameirean; but an Athenian by adoption; for he was admitted to citizenship among them; a comic poet, son of Philippos, born [or: lived] during the wars in the 114th Olympiad,[1] the inventor of the tetrameter and octameter.[2] He had sons [named] Ararotes, Philippos, Philetairos,[3] comic poets [themselves]. But some have recorded that he was also a freedman. His plays are 44 -- but we have studied[4] the following plays of Aristophanes: Acharnians, Frogs, Peace, Ecclesiazusae, Thesmophoriazusae, Knights, Lysistrata, Clouds, Birds, Wealth, Wasps.[5]
Greek Original:
*)aristofa/nhs, *(ro/dios h)/toi *li/ndios, oi( de\ *ai)gu/ption e)/fasan, oi( de\ *kameire/a: qe/sei de\ *)aqhnai=os: e)politografh/qh ga\r par' au)toi=s: kwmiko\s, ui(o\s *fili/ppou, gegonw\s e)n toi=s a)gw=si kata\ th\n rid# *)olumpia/da, eu(reth\s tou= tetrame/trou kai\ o)ktame/trou: pai=das sxw\n *)araro/ta, *fi/lippon, *file/tairon, kwmikou/s. tine\s de\ au)to\n kai\ a)po/doulon i(storh/kasi. dra/mata de\ au)tou= md#. a(/per de\ pepra/xamen *)aristofa/nous dra/mata tau=ta: *)axarnei=s, *ba/traxoi, *ei)rh/nh, *)ekklhsia/zousai, *qesmoforia/zousai, *(ippei=s, *lusistra/th, *nefe/lai, *)/orniqes, *plou=tos, *sfh=kes.
See generally OCD(4) s.v. 'Aristophanes(1)' (pp.157-9).
The present entry is a horrible mixture of fact (e.g. son of Philippos, father of Araros[sic]) and fantasy. Mary Lefkowitz, The Lives of the Greek Poets (London 1981) 112, reasonably comments: "All these conflicting nationalities sound as if they came from allegations in comedies ... Saying that he was given citizenship looks like a biographer's attempt to resolve the conflict created by his predecessors." On the date given see note 1 below.
[1] 324-321. The figure is evidently corrupt, as Kuster noted. Adler (addenda) notes scholars' attempts to turn it into '94th' (404-401).
[2] cf. tau 395 (end) and omicron 127.
[3] phi 308.
[4] This meaning of the verb pra/ttw is striking enough to merit mention in LSJ s.v.
[5] More than 5000 Suda entries, in fact, derive from the text of and/or scholia to Aristophanes; and -- to take an admittedly extreme example -- almost a quarter, all told, of the text of Lysistrata is quoted.
Keywords: biography; chronology; comedy; geography; law; meter and music
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 31 July 2001@17:02:37.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 1 August 2001@05:09:13.
Elizabeth Vandiver (Added italics; corrected typo; cosmetics) on 14 October 2005@17:38:32.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 12 April 2012@06:00:23.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 24 January 2014@08:23:48.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 24 January 2014@08:29:02.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 31 July 2014@03:38:58.


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