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Headword: Ἀριστοτέλης
Adler number: alpha,3929
Translated headword: Aristoteles, Aristotle
Vetting Status: high
Son of Nikomakhos and Phaistias. Nikomakhos was a physician in the tradition of the Asklepiads, from Nikomakhos the son of Makhaon.[1] [Aristotle came] from Stageira, a city of Thrace;[2] he was a philosopher, a disciple of Plato, with a stammering voice. He had siblings Arimnestos and Arimneste, and a daughter by Pythias, the daughter of Hermeias the eunuch, who fathered her despite his being castrated.[3] The daughter of Aristotle married three times and after giving birth predeceased her father Aristotle. He also had a son Nikomakhos from Herpyllis his concubine, *whom he took after Pythias the daughter of Hermeias the eunuch, who was a ruler of Atarneus. This place [is located] in the Troad, and having become a slave of Euboulos the Bithynian, Hermeias received [it from him].[4] And Hermeias himself became the lover of Aristotle.*[5] He presided for 13 years[6] over the philosophy which was called Peripatetic; it acquired this name because he taught on a walking path [peripatos] or in a garden after he left the Academy, in which Plato taught. He was born in the 99th Olympiad[7] and died by drinking aconite in Chalkis [Myth, Place], because he was being summoned to receive punishment, since he had written a paean to Hermeias the eunuch;[8] but some say he died of disease when he had lived 70 years.
Greek Original:
Ἀριστοτέλης, υἱὸς Νικομάχου καὶ Φαιστιάδος: ὁ δὲ Νικόμαχος ἰατρὸς ἦν τοῦ τῶν Ἀσκληπιαδῶν γένους, ἀπὸ Νικομάχου τοῦ Μαχάονος. ἐκ Σταγείρων, πόλεως τῆς Θρᾴκης, φιλόσοφος, μαθητὴς Πλάτωνος, τραυλὸς τὴν φωνήν. καὶ ἀδελφοὺς μὲν ἔσχεν Ἀρίμνηστον καὶ Ἀριμνήστην, θυγατέρα δὲ ἀπὸ Πυθιάδος, τῆς θυγατρὸς Ἑρμείου τοῦ εὐνούχου: ὃς καὶ θλαδίας ὢν αὐτὴν ἔσπειρε. γημαμένη δὲ τρισὶν ἡ Ἀριστοτέλους θυγάτηρ τεκνώσασα προετελεύτησεν Ἀριστοτέλους τοῦ πατρός. ἔσχε δὲ καὶ υἱὸν Νικόμαχον ἐξ Ἑρπυλλίδος παλλακῆς, ἣν ἠγάγετο μετὰ Πυθιάδα παρ' Ἑρμείου τοῦ εὐνούχου: ὅστις ἦν ἄρχων Ἀταρνέως, χώρα δὲ αὕτη Τρῳάδος, Εὐβούλου δὲ τοῦ Βιθυνοῦ δοῦλος γεγονὼς ἔλαβε: καὶ αὐτοῦ Ἑρμείου παιδικὰ γενομένου Ἀριστοτέλους. ἦρξε δὲ ἔτη ιγ# τῆς Περιπατητικῆς κληθείσης φιλοσοφίας διὰ τὸ ἐν περιπάτῳ ἤτοι κήπῳ διδάξαι ἀναχωρήσαντα τῆς Ἀκαδημίας, ἐν ᾗ Πλάτων ἐδίδαξεν. ἐγεννήθη δὲ ἐν τῇ #4θ# Ὀλυμπιάδι καὶ ἀπέθανεν ἀκόνιτον πιὼν ἐν Χαλκίδι, διότι ἐκαλεῖτο πρὸς εὐθύνας, ἐπειδὴ ἔγραψε παιᾶνα εἰς Ἑρμείαν τὸν εὐνοῦχον: οἱ δέ φασι νόσῳ αὐτὸν τελευτῆσαι βιώσαντα ἔτη ο#.
Vita Menagiana of Aristotle; cf. Diogenes Laertius 5.1,4,9-10; Dionysius of Halicarnassus ad Ammaeum 5.
On Aristotle see also alpha 3930, sigma 979, and generally OCD(4) s.v. (pp.159-63).
[1] For whom see nu 399.
[2] sigma 977.
[3] Apparently she was his niece and adopted daughter. For Hermeias see epsilon 3040, where the name is written 'Hermias'.
[4] According to Strabo, Hermeias shared the tyranny with his master Euboulos and then succeeded him. See Strabo 13.1.57: web address 1.
[5] Between the asterisks the text is corrupt.
[6] 335-322.
[7] 384/3 - 381/0; in 384, in fact.
[8] The charge made against Aristotle was impiety. See Diogenes Laertius 5.5.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; children; chronology; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; geography; history; medicine; philosophy; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 31 March 2002@12:18:59.
Vetted by:
Tony Natoli (Changes made to translation and notes. Keyword added and cosmetics) on 1 April 2002@17:00:52.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics; raised status) on 10 April 2002@08:04:50.
David Whitehead (added keyword) on 25 August 2002@04:27:32.
David Whitehead (restorative cosmetics at end of tr) on 24 October 2003@04:20:13.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 23 October 2005@05:01:17.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 11 November 2005@05:40:50.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 12 April 2012@05:44:00.
Catharine Roth (reduced links) on 13 April 2012@02:06:52.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 31 July 2014@03:37:11.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 31 July 2014@09:45:10.


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