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Headword: Ἀριστείδης
Adler number: alpha,3903
Translated headword: Aristides, Aristeides
Vetting Status: high
The son of Lysimachus; he was poor, and on account of his manner he was believed without [having to take] oaths. Once when Kallias was being tried he came forward and said "grant this man to me"; and it was done. When Kallias offered him gold, he declined and said: "The life of Kallias needs the poverty of Aristides, but the poverty of Aristides looks down on the wealth of Kallias."[1] He was the political opponent of Themistocles. When he was on an embassy with him, he said, "let us leave our differences within the borders, and get along on behalf of the city."[2] He was so just that when he was about to be ostracised, someone from the country gave him a potsherd (he did not know the man) and asked him to write up [Aristides] for ostracism. When he asked why Aristides displeased him, he said, "because he is totally just." And Aristides laughed and wrote the vote.[3] This same Aristides was banished and spent time in Aegina. And Xerxes sent an ambassador to him in his banishment when he was coming into Greece and offered him three thousand darics.[4] He [Aristides] said he had no use for Persian wealth, living the sort of life that he did. He happened to be serving low-grade bread.[5]
Aristides was also rather like Miltiades.[6] Each of these men was the very best: Aristides was just and Miltiades was general at Marathon. Mention is made of the battle at Marathon because all Greece achieved its other successes in common, but only the Athenians did so at [the battle] of Marathon.
Greek Original:
Ἀριστείδης, ὁ Λυσιμάχου, πένης ὢν διὰ τὸν τρόπον ἄνευ ὅρκων ἐπιστεύετο. καὶ Καλλίου ποτὲ κρινομένου παρελθὼν εἶπεν, ἐμοὶ τὸν ἄνδρα χαρίσασθε: καὶ ἔτυχε. τοῦ δὲ χρυσίον ἀντιπέμψαντος, παρῃτήσατο εἰπών: ὁ μὲν Καλλίου βίος τῆς Ἀριστείδου χρῄζει πενίας, ἡ δὲ Ἀριστείδου πενία καταφρονεῖ τοῦ Καλλίου πλούτου. οὗτος Θε- μιστοκλεῖ ποτε ἀντεπολιτεύσατο. συμπρεσβεύων δὲ αὐτῷ τὴν ἔχθραν, εἶπεν, ἔσω τῶν ὁρίων ἀφῶμεν, ὁμονοῶμεν δὲ ὑπὲρ τῆς πόλεως. οὕτω δὲ ἦν δίκαιος, ὡς μέλλοντος αὐτοῦ ἐξοστρακίζεσθαι ἀπὸ τῆς ἀγροικίας τις ὄστρακον αὐτῷ ἐπιδιδοὺς [ἠγνόει δὲ τὸν ἄνδρα] γράφειν ἠξίου τὸν ἐξοστρακισμόν. τοῦ δὲ ἐρωτήσαντος, τί Ἀριστείδης αὐτὸν λυποίη: πάνυ δίκαιος ὢν, ἔφη. καὶ γελάσας ὁ Ἀριστείδης ἔγραψε ψῆφον. ὁ αὐτὸς διέτριψεν ἐν Αἰγίνῃ φυγών. Ξέρξης δὲ ὡς αὐτὸν ἐν τῇ φυγῇ πρεσβευσαμένου καὶ τρισχιλίους δαρεικοὺς, ὅτε ἐπῄει τὴν Ἑλλάδα, διδόντος, οὐδὲν ἐπιστρέφεσθαι ἔφη τοῦ Περσικοῦ πλούτου, τοιαύτῃ χρώμενος διαίτῃ. ἔτυχε δὲ οὐκ ἐπιμελῆ τὸν ἄρτον προσφερόμενος. Ἀριστείδης καὶ Μιλτιάδῃ μάλιστα ἐῴκει. ἑκάτερος τούτων ἄριστος ἐγένετο, Ἀριστείδης μὲν δίκαιος, ὁ δὲ Μιλτιάδης ἐν Μαραθῶνι ἐστρατήγησε. τοῦ δὲ ἐν Μαραθῶνι πολέμου μέμνηται, διότι τὰ μὲν ἄλλα κατορθώματα κοινῇ πᾶσα ἡ Ἑλλὰς πεποίηται, τοῦ δὲ ἐν Μαραθῶνι μόνοι οἱ Ἀθηναῖοι.
C6/5 BCE. See generally Simon Hornblower in OCD(4) p.154, under 'Aristides(1)'.
[1] This is paraphrased from Plutarch, Life of Aristides 25.6
[2] Probably a paraphrase of Plutarch, 8.3.
[3] Related by Plutarch in 7.5-6.
[4] A Persian coin. See delta 72.
[5] Literally, bread made with no care (to cut out impurities); cf. epsilon 2464.
[6] For this additional material see mu 1068, where the grammar of this phrase requires it to be construed differently, as a species of proverb: "worthy of Miltiades and Aristeides".
Keywords: biography; economics; ethics; food; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; politics
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 7 December 2000@15:17:33.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (Modified translation, set status) on 12 January 2001@03:26:21.
David Whitehead (modified translation; added note) on 19 January 2001@11:07:45.
David Whitehead (augmented note) on 24 August 2002@11:31:56.
David Whitehead (modified translation; added note) on 8 May 2003@07:19:58.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 20 November 2005@10:02:31.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 4 December 2005@08:45:45.
David Whitehead on 12 April 2012@04:38:44.
David Whitehead on 14 June 2012@06:57:58.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 31 July 2014@03:25:57.


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