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Headword: Ἀρρηφορία
Adler number: alpha,3863
Translated headword: arrêphoria
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A sacrifice [of that name].
If [it is written] with an alpha, [it is] ἀρρηφορία ["carrying of things that cannot be named"], since the maidens used to carry in boxes things that cannot be named [arrêta] for the goddess;[1] but if with an epsilon, [then it is] ἑρσεφορία ["carrying of Herse"]; for they used to hold a procession for Herse, the daughter of Kekrops.[2]
Also [sc. attested is] ἀρρηφόροιο ["of a maiden performing the arrêphoria"].[3]
Also [sc. attested is] ἀρρηφόροι , [meaning the women] who carry the unnamable mysteries. "ἀρρηφόροι and all-hallowed women [παναγεῖς γυναῖκες ]."[4]
Greek Original:
Ἀρρηφορία: θυσία. εἰ μὲν διὰ τοῦ ἄλφα ἀρρηφορία, ἐπειδὴ τὰ ἄρρητα ἐν κίσταις ἔφερον τῇ θεῷ αἱ παρθένοι: εἰ δὲ διὰ τοῦ ε ἑρσεφορία: τῇ γὰρ Ἕρσῃ ἐπόμπευον τῇ Κέκροπος θυγατρί. καὶ Ἀρρηφόροιο. καὶ Ἀρρηφόροι, αἱ τὰ ἄρρητα φέρουσαι μυστήρια. ἀρρηφόροι καὶ παναγεῖς γυναῖκες.
Notes:
cf. generally alpha 3860, alpha 3861.
[1] Athena.
[2] (And goddess of the dew.) From the scholia to Aristophanes, Lysistrata 642. In this passage the verb ἀρρηφορέω occurs in the imperfect ἠρρηφόρουν , where the initial eta could be the augmented form of either alpha or epsilon (see web address 1) -- hence the issue discussed here; cf. epsilon 3081, and e.g. Herodian 2.479.3.
[3] Epic/poetic genitive, evidently quoted from somewhere.
[4] Aelian fr. 307 Domingo-Forasté (310 Hercher); more fully at pi 150.
References:
H.W. Parke, Festivals of the Athenians (London 1977) 141-3
Noel Robertson, "The Riddle of the Arrhephoria at Athens," Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 87 (1983) 241-288
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: aetiology; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; religion; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 21 November 2001@09:47:28.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes; added bibliography; cosmetics) on 21 November 2001@10:32:34.
Catharine Roth (augmented note, added link) on 23 April 2008@15:27:38.
Catharine Roth (added bibliography) on 20 May 2008@16:02:06.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; betacoding and other cosmetics) on 21 May 2008@03:30:39.
Catharine Roth (updated reference, upgraded link) on 21 June 2011@21:54:18.
David Whitehead (x-refs; another keyword; cosmetics) on 11 April 2012@09:42:57.
David Whitehead on 31 August 2015@04:19:34.

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