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Headword: Ἀγροιώτης
Adler number: alpha,380
Translated headword: rustic
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The farming people, the one[s] in the country.[1]
"To this rustic, single-storthynx Priapos."[2] For a storthynx is the point of the spear or the iron [part] of a missile.[3]
But the feminine form [is] ἀγροιῶτις with an "i".
Greek Original:
Ἀγροιώτης: ὁ γεωργικὸς λεὼς, ὁ ἐν ἀγρῷ. ἀγροιώτᾳ τῷδε μονοστόρθυγγι Πριήπῳ. στόρθυγξ γὰρ τὸ ἄκρον τοῦ δόρατος ἢ τὸ τοῦ βέλους σιδήριον. θηλυκῶς δὲ Ἀγροιῶτις διὰ τοῦ ι.
Notes:
The headword adjective ἀγροιώτης is illustrated (in its Doric form) by the quotation given.
[1] This second gloss also occurs, according to Adler, in the Ambrosian Lexicon.
[2] Greek Anthology 6.22.5 (Zonas), a dedication to Priapus by an unnamed custodian of an orchard, quoted more fully at pi 2275; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 380-381; and vol. II, 413-414) and further extracts from this epigram at alpha 4049, alpha 2663, pi 1555, pi 2275, and rho 318. Gow and Page (vol. II, 414) note that the headword -- used attributively in the epigram in the dative singular -- is also an epithet for Priapus (Priapos; cf. pi 2275, pi 2276, and pi 2277).
[3] From sigma 1144. Despite this military gloss, however, "single-storthynx" has another meaning in the poem: "carved out of a single block" (LSJ s.v.).
References:
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1968)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge, 1968)
Keywords: agriculture; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; military affairs; poetry; religion; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Anne Mahoney on 27 March 1999@17:48:50.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 13 February 2001@06:20:52.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 2 October 2005@11:09:04.
David Whitehead (more notes; another keyword) on 9 January 2012@04:19:40.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keyword) on 21 November 2018@22:49:29.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 22 November 2018@01:42:15.
Ronald Allen (further expanded n.2, added cross-references) on 23 November 2018@22:13:33.

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