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Headword: Ἀγωγή
Adler number: alpha,321
Translated headword: deportment, carriage, upbringing
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] behaviour, manner; or conveyance. Also the driven load.[1]
Upbringing is also said to be the arrangement of one's manner through one's habits, as one speaks of upbringing of children; also the transference [of this]; in reference to which sense he who is defining origin in this way used the word agoge.[2]
Polybius [writes]: "the recruiting-officer also brought a Lakedaimonian man who had participated in the Lakonian upbringing and had a good measure of experience in military things."[3]
Greek Original:
Ἀγωγή: ἀναστροφὴ, τρόπος: ἢ ἡ κομιδή. καὶ τὸ ἀγόμενον βάρος. Ἀγωγὴ λέγεται καὶ ἡ διὰ τῶν ἠθῶν τοῦ τρόπου κατα- κόσμησις, ὡς λέγεται παίδων ἀγωγή: καὶ ἡ μεταβολή: ἐφ' οὗ σημαινομένου ὁ ὁριζόμενος οὕτως τὴν γένεσιν κέχρηται τῷ τῆς ἀγωγῆς ὀνόματι. Πολύβιος: ἤγαγε δὲ ὁ ξενολόγος καὶ Λακεδαιμόνιον ἄνδρα τῆς Λακωνικῆς ἀγωγῆς μετεσχηκότα καὶ τριβὴν ἐν τοῖς πολεμικοῖς ἔχοντα σύμμετρον.
Notes:
[1] Same or similar material in other lexica; references at Photius alpha303 Theodoridis.
[2] From the Commentary on Aristotle's Topica by Alexander of Aphrodisias (423.20-424.2); it continues the material begun under alpha 320.
[3] Polybius 1.32.1 (abridged). On the public educational/disciplinary regime in Sparta, to which the term agoge came especially to apply, see generally OCD(4) s.v. (p.40).
Keywords: children; daily life; definition; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; philosophy
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 23 March 2001@06:56:11.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added note and keywords) on 23 March 2001@11:23:00.
David Whitehead (added keyword; restorative cosmetics) on 17 February 2003@07:40:03.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 6 October 2005@08:52:27.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 January 2012@05:21:19.
David Whitehead on 19 August 2013@04:12:19.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@02:59:25.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 31 December 2018@01:30:55.

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