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Headword: *)api/kios
Adler number: alpha,3207
Translated headword: Apicius
Vetting Status: high
A Roman, who had spent countless sums of money on his stomach, in Kintouri [a city] of Galatia[1] eating many shrimp, for they are bigger than the largest of those in Smyrna and the lobsters in Alexandria. So when he heard that very large shrimp occur in Libya, he sailed out without waiting even one day. But once he had observed that they were small, he ordered the helmsman to sail back again the same way to Italy, not even approaching land.
Greek Original:
*)api/kios, *(rwmai=os, i(kana\s muria/das a)rguri/ou katanalw/sas e)s th\n gaste/ra, e)n *kintou/rois th=s *galati/as polla\s kari/das e)sqi/wn: me/gistai ga/r ei)si tw=n e)n *smu/rnh|: kai\ tou\s e)n *)alecandrei/a| a)stakou/s. a)kou/sas ou)=n e)n *libu/h| gi/nesqai kari/das e)ce/pleusen ou)de\ mi/an h(me/ran a)namei/nas. qeasa/menos de\ au)ta\s mikra\s e)ke/leuse tw=| kubernh/th| th\n au)th\n o(do\n au)=qis e)p' *)itali/an a)naplei=n, mhde\ prospela/sas th=| gh=|.
Nicholas Purcell in OCD(4) p.117, s.v. Apicius: 'proverbial cognomen of several Roman connoisseurs of luxury, especially in food, in particular M. Gavius Apicius (PIR(2) G91 [...] in the Tiberian period, i.e. early 1st cent. AD'. The collection of recipes transmitted under his name, however, is fourth-century.
The present entry's material, after the opening ethnikon, summarizes Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 1.7A-C (1.12 Kaibel).
See also alpha 3213, alpha 3214.
[1] So again at kappa 387 and kappa 1649. But manuscript M has corrected this place-name in the present entry to "Minturnae," the resort in Campania (not Galatia) where, according to Athenaeus, this Apicius resided. Paul Maas argued that manuscript M was the work of Eustathius of Thessalonica, but Adler was not convinced (vol. 5, p. 273).
P. Maas, "Eustathios als Konjekturalkritiker," Byzantinische Zeitschrift 35 (1935) 307
Keywords: biography; economics; ethics; food; geography; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 5 June 2000@01:01:10.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented note; added keyword; cosmetics) on 16 March 2001@09:48:57.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 20 August 2002@03:35:55.
David Whitehead (modified and expanded notes; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 30 March 2012@07:35:45.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 4 March 2013@01:21:33.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note again) on 6 March 2013@01:25:34.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation and note, added bibliography) on 13 March 2013@00:57:43.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@08:00:14.


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