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Headword: *)apeyhfi/sato
Adler number: alpha,3111
Translated headword: voted off
Vetting Status: high
That is [he/she/it] condemned.[1] "The council reached its judgement on what had been done and voted the fellow off, since the pollution had occurred with him not attacking but defending it".[2]
And elsewhere: "two of the generals fled before the verdict, but Konon they voted off."[3] Meaning they rejected after scrutiny.
Also [sc. attested is the perfect participle] 'voted-off men': in the demes votings-off were held of those whose names were in the deme register[s] but who were not Athenians but mis-enrolled as citizens; and these men were called voted-off men, since as a result of a vote on them that had been called they no longer had citizen rights. Hyperides in the [speech] Against Aristogeiton [writes]: "that in the first place more than 150,000 [slaves], the ones in the silver mines and those in the rest of Attica; then the public debtors and the disfranchised and the voted-off men and the colonists" [sc. should all be mobilized].[4]
Greek Original:
*)apeyhfi/sato: toute/sti katedi/kasen. h( de\ boulh\ th\n dia/gnwsin poioume/nh tw=n pepragme/nwn a)peyhfi/sato tou= a)nqrw/pou, e)pei\ au)tou= ou)k e)pelqo/ntos a)ll' a)munome/nou to\ mi/asma ge/gone. kai\ au)=qis: tw=n de\ strathgw=n du/o me\n e)/fugon pro\ kri/sews, *ko/nwnos de\ a)peyhfi/santo. a)nti\ tou= a)pedoki/masan. kai\ *)apeyhfisme/noi: e)pi\ toi=s dh/mois a)poyhfi/seis e)gi/nonto tw=n gegramme/nwn me\n ei)s to\ lhciarxiko\n grammatei=on, ou)k o)/ntwn de\ a)stw=n, a)lla\ pareggegramme/nwn ei)s th\n politei/an: kai\ ou(=toi e)le/gonto a)peyhfisme/noi, e)peidh\ yh/fou peri\ au)toi=s e)paxqei/shs ou)ke/ti metei=xon th=s politei/as. *(uperi/dhs e)n tw=| pro\s *)aristogei/tona: o(/pws prw=ton me\n muria/das plei/ous h)\ ie#, tou\s e)k tw=n e)/rgwn tw=n a)rgurei/wn kai\ tou\s kata\ th\n a)/llhn xw/ran: e)/peita tou\s o)fei/lontas tw=| dhmosi/w| kai\ tou\s a)ti/mous kai\ tou\s a)peyhfisme/nous kai\ tou\s a)poi/kous.
Depending on context, the force of a)poyhfi/zomai can mean either condemnation or acquittal. See the examples below, and generally LSJ s.v.
[1] The equivalent entry in Harpokration (s.v. a)poyhfi/zontai) makes it clear that this entry had its origins on the use of the word in the C4 BCE, by Dinarchus (fr. LVI.2 Conomis); cf. generally alpha 3656.
[2] Procopius, Secret History 29.10, on Liberius.
[3] Quotation unidentifiable, but presumably some garbled version of the post-Arginusae trials, Athens 406 BCE. See Xenophon, Hellenica 1.7.1-35, esp. 1.7.1-2: "in Athens the people deposed all these generals except Konon ... Two of the generals who had taken part in the battle, Protomachos and Aristogenes, did not return to Athens. The other six -- Perikles, Diomedon, Lysias, Aristokrates, Thrasyllos and Erasinides -- did".
[4] Hyperides fr. 29 Jensen. (For "colonists", apoikoi, we should read "metics", metoikoi.)
Keywords: biography; constitution; definition; economics; historiography; history; law; military affairs; religion; rhetoric; trade and manufacture
Translated by: David Whitehead on 6 October 2000@11:26:00.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (supplied headword; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 19 August 2002@05:47:48.
David Whitehead (augmented note) on 19 August 2002@05:51:14.
William Hutton (Cosmetics, modified translation, set status) on 5 November 2002@13:00:33.
David Whitehead (restorative and other cosmetics) on 6 November 2002@03:10:43.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 1 March 2011@07:13:33.
David Whitehead (more notes and tweaking) on 28 June 2011@07:05:25.


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