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Headword: Ἄξονες
Adler number: alpha,2833
Translated headword: axones, axles
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
This is what Athenians called the laws of Solon, because of the fact they had been inscribed on wooden axles. They were square in shape. Demosthenes in the [speech] Against Aristokrates mentions the word.[1]
Axones and kyrbeis are different.[2]
Homer speaks of the 'axle' of a wagon.[3]
Greek Original:
Ἄξονες: οὕτως ἐκάλεσαν Ἀθηναῖοι τοὺς Σόλωνος νόμους, διὰ τὸ ἐγγραφῆναι αὐτοὺς ἐν ξυλίνοις ἄξοσιν. ἦσαν δὲ τετράγωνοι τὸ σχῆμα. μέμνηται τῆς λέξεως Δημοσθένης ἐν τῷ κατὰ Ἀριστοκράτους. Ἄξονες δὲ καὶ κύρβεις διαφέρει. Ἄξονα δὲ λέγει Ὅμηρος τὸν τῆς ἁμάξης.
Notes:
The first and principal part of this entry derives from Harpokration s.v. ἄξονι (sic: dative singular, from the Demosthenes passage quoted -- see below).
The headword applies not only to the axles on which wheels, cones, etc. rotate, but, as we see here, to the objects rotating upon them, such as the tablets on which the law code of Solon was inscribed at Athens (OCD(4) p.217). See again at nu 485 (end); also kappa 2744.
[1] Demosthenes 23.31.
[2] If so, it is not clear how (see the LSJ entries at web address 1 and web address 2). Kurbeis were apparently triangular objects, while this entry asserts that axones were square, but most authorities regard the two terms as interchangeable.
[3] So in e.g. Homer, Iliad 5.838.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: architecture; biography; constitution; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; law; rhetoric; science and technology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 6 October 2000@10:17:57.
Vetted by:
Robert Dyer (Cosmetics, extended notes slightly, added keywords) on 3 May 2002@14:00:45.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 5 May 2002@04:57:15.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 11 November 2005@07:29:07.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; tweaks) on 28 June 2011@05:38:51.
David Whitehead on 24 January 2014@04:24:11.
Catharine Roth (coding, upgraded links) on 25 January 2014@14:39:24.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@07:36:22.
David Whitehead on 2 August 2015@06:27:25.

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