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Headword: Ἀνάχαρσις
Adler number: alpha,2130
Translated headword: Anacharsis
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The son of Gnouros[1] and of a Greek mother, a Scythian, a philosopher, brother of Kadui[d]as the king of Scythia.[2] He wrote Customs of the Scythians in verses, Concerning the simplicity of those things pertaining to human life, all in eight hundred verses.[3] He discovered the anchor and the potter's wheel.[4] He lived in the time of Croesus.[5] And he died performing Greek rites in Scythia, when his brother was plotting against him: according to some he [lived] into extreme old age and almost up to one hundred years old.
Greek Original:
Ἀνάχαρσις, Γνύρου, μητρὸς δὲ Ἑλληνίδος, Σκύθης, φιλόσοφος, ἀδελφὸς Καδουί̈α τοῦ Σκυθῶν βασιλέως. ἔγραψε Νόμιμα Σκυθικὰ δι' ἐπῶν, Περὶ εὐτελείας τῶν εἰς τὸν ἀνθρώπινον βίον ἔπη πάντα ω#. εὗρε δὲ οὗτος ἄγκυραν καὶ τὸν κεραμεικὸν τροχόν. ἦν δὲ ἐπὶ Κροίσου. καὶ τετελεύτηκεν Ἑλληνικὰς τελετὰς ἐπιτελῶν ἐν Σκύθαις, ἐπιβουλεύσαντος αὐτῷ τοῦ ἀδελφοῦ: κατὰ δέ τινας ἐν γήρᾳ βαθεῖ καὶ μέχρις ἐτῶν ρ#.
Notes:
C6 BCE. See generally Michael Gagarin in OCD(4) s.v. (p.77). Anacharsis is first mentioned in Herodotus (4.46 & 76-77). Most of the present entry's material is taken from Diogenes Laertius 1.101-105. (Some has already appeared under alpha 258.)
[1] cf. gamma 360.
[2] cf. kappa 25.
[3] In Diog.Laert. 1.101 only one title seems to be mentioned, with the second phrase a descriptive gloss on it.
[4] cf. kappa 1354, end.
[5] kappa 2497, kappa 2498, kappa 2499, kappa 2500.
Keywords: aetiology; biography; chronology; geography; historiography; medicine; philosophy; poetry; religion; science and technology; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 5 November 2000@15:55:20.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added bibliography) on 6 November 2000@03:06:31.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 2 August 2002@05:00:25.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 29 February 2012@05:52:06.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@06:14:10.
David Whitehead on 10 July 2015@02:55:34.

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