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Headword: *)anarru/ei
Adler number: alpha,2058
Translated headword: draws back the head
Vetting Status: high
Meaning [he/she/it] sacrifices and slaughters [sc. a sacrificial victim]. Eupolis [uses the word].[1] And the sacrifice [itself is an] epanarrhysis.
Also [sc. attested is] Anarrhysis,[2] [the] chief day of the Apatouria. [The] Apatouria is a festival among [the] Athenians which shows by its name what it is all about.[3]
Also [sc. attested is the verb] a)narru/ein, offering sacrifice, meaning to complete a sacrifice. There were three days of the Apatouria: Dorpeia ("feast-day"),[4] Koureotis,[5] and Anarrhysis.
Greek Original:
*)anarru/ei: a)nti\ tou= qu/ei kai\ sfa/ttei. *eu)/polis. kai\ h( qusi/a de\ e)pana/rrusis. kai\ *)ana/rrusis, kuri/a tw=n *)apatouri/wn h(me/ra. *)apatou/ria de\ e(orth\ par' *)aqhnai/ois to\ sumba\n dhlou=sa th=| proshgori/a|. kai\ *)anarru/ein, to\ e)piqu/ein a)nti\ tou= qusi/an e)pitelei=n. trei=s de\ h)=san ai( h(me/rai tw=n *)apatouri/wn: *do/rpeia, *kourew=tis, *)ana/rrusis.
The first paragraph of this entry has parallels in other lexica; references at Photius alpha1649 Theodoridis. The headword is third person singular, present indicative, of the verb a)narru/w.
[1] Eupolis fr. 395 Kock, now 425 K.-A.
[2] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Peace 890, where the word occurs.
[3] The Apato(u)ria (OCD(4) pp.114-15) was celebrated by Athenians and Ionians in the month of Pyanepsion (October-November), during which youths who had come of age were admitted to the phratries. See alpha 2940.
[4] cf. delta 1391. Also given as Dorpia.
[5] The name for this day was perhaps taken from the verb kei/rw, in connexion with a ritual hair-cutting. Cf. kappa 2179.
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; religion; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 21 October 2000@16:20:16.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword and translation; added note and keyword) on 22 October 2000@12:42:26.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; restorative and other cosmetics) on 1 August 2002@05:44:50.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule, cross-reference) on 6 February 2009@01:27:34.
David Whitehead (another note; another keyword; tweaks) on 7 February 2009@07:28:15.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 7 February 2009@12:27:51.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 27 February 2012@09:45:15.
David Whitehead on 21 August 2013@07:48:49.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@06:11:29.
David Whitehead on 23 December 2014@10:23:18.


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