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Headword: Ἁμαρτήσοι
Adler number: alpha,1495
Translated headword: might err
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[This is] not in a subordinate clause. [It should be] ἐὰν ἁμαρτήσει ["if he will err"].
[Spelled] with a diphthong.
Greek Original:
Ἁμαρτήσοι: οὐχ ὑποτάσσεται. ἐὰν ἁμαρτήσει. διὰ διφθόγγου.
Note:
The headword is future optative, third person singular, of ἁμαρτάνω (cf. alpha 1493, alpha 1494). This form is used by George of Pisidia (de expeditione Persica 1.137-8): after mentioning "the second Pharoah" he appends - "if one might not err in calling second him who truly was first into error" (εἰ δεύτερόν τις οὐχ ἁμαρτήσοι λέγων ͅ τὸν ὡς ἀληθῶς πρῶτον εἰς ἁμαρτίαν ). In classical Greek the future optative would not have been used in the protasis of a conditional statement unless it was a subordinate clause in indirect discourse (Smyth §2287, web address 1); ἐάν with the subjunctive would be a normal construction. The lexicographer seems to be criticizing George's hyper-Attic grammar, but unfortunately the form he supplies instead is future indicative rather than aorist subjunctive (which would be ἁμαρτήσῃ ). Perhaps this is merely a textual corruption. In any case, all three forms would have been pronounced the same in Byzantine times.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: dialects, grammar, and etymology; poetry
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 10 June 2000@10:54:39.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (modified translation, added note, with information supplied by David Whitehead) on 13 July 2002@01:02:57.
David Whitehead (added keyword; cosmetics) on 14 July 2002@04:48:18.
Catharine Roth (modified translation, augmented notes, added link) on 16 July 2002@00:57:30.
David Whitehead (x-refs; cosmetics) on 12 February 2012@06:45:29.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, upgraded link) on 11 March 2012@22:18:13.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 14 August 2019@23:44:48.

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