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Headword: Ἄγανον
Adler number: alpha,145
Translated headword: firewood, broken; good, gentle
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
With proparoxytone accent[1] [this means] wood that has been cut up.
Or brushwood and [wood that is] ready to be cut up.[2]
But some [sc. define it as wood] which is not chopped.
But with the oxytone[3] it means fine. Or good or kindly, though some [say] immortal. Whence also [comes the term] ἀγανοφροσύνη ["kindly-mindedness"].
Also [sc. attested is the verb] ἀγανοῦμεν ["we will make nice"],[4] meaning we will beautify.
And elsewhere: "however gentle you might pass into the Athenian book of death, you would always have your tresses well-garlanded."[5]
Greek Original:
Ἄγανον: προπαροξυτόνως τὸ κατεαγὸς ξύλον. ἢ τὸ φρυγανῶδες καὶ ἕτοιμον πρὸς τὸ κατεαγῆναι. οἱ δὲ τὸ ἀπελέκητον. Ἀγανὸν δὲ ὀξυτόνως καλόν. ἢ ἀγαθὸν ἢ ἱλαρὸν, οἱ δὲ ἀθάνατον. ἔνθεν καὶ ἀγανοφροσύνη. καὶ Ἀγανοῦμεν, ἀντὶ τοῦ κοσμήσομεν. καὶ αὖθις: ὡς ἄν τοι ῥείῃ μὲν ἀγανὸς Ἀτθίδι δέλτῳ κηρὸς, ὑπὸ στεφάνοις δ' αἰὲν ἔχοις πλοκάμους.
Notes:
cf. generally alpha 146, alpha 147, alpha 148, alpha 149.
[1] i.e. ἄγανος (here neuter).
[2] Addendum lacking in mss ASM.
[3] i.e. ἀγανός (again, here neuter).
[4] Attested only here, but cf. the scholia to Aristophanes, Peace 398 (where ἀγαλοῦμεν occurs).
[5] Greek Anthology 7.36.5 (Erucius), on the tomb of Sophocles; cf. Gow and Page (252-253), alpha 1421, beta 453, and sigma 569.
Reference:
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1968)
Keywords: botany; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; poetry; tragedy
Translated by: William Hutton on 28 March 2000@23:57:06.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 9 February 2001@11:07:52.
Jennifer Benedict (tags) on 26 March 2008@01:08:32.
David Whitehead (augmented n.4; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 27 March 2008@08:01:50.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; tweaks) on 23 December 2011@05:41:50.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.5, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keyword) on 25 October 2018@15:42:25.

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