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Headword: *(alourga/
Adler number: alpha,1357
Translated headword: sea-wrought
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning of] sea-purple.[1]
"The girdles, and the sea-wrought undergarment, and the Laconian robes."[2]
Greek Original:
*(alourga/: qalassopo/rfura. ai( mi/trai, to/ q' a(lourge\s u(pe/nduma, oi(/te *la/kwnes pe/ploi.
cf. alpha 1358, alpha 1359, alpha 1360.
[1] The headword is neuter plural of this adjective, with the same or similar glossing in other lexica, including Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon; it is very probably quoted from Plato, Republic 429D.
[2] Greek Anthology 6.292.1 (Hedylus); cf. lambda 63, mu 1136. On this epigram, Niconoe's tribute to Priapus for her victory in a beauty competition, see Gow and Page (vol. I, 100); (vol. II, 289-290); and further excerpts at alpha 1539, theta 12, kappa 241, lambda 468, and pi 2936. On the purple dye produced from shellfish, see generally OCD(4) s.v. (1242-3) and Blümner (234). Niconoe's robes are evidently colored with the purple dye produced along the Laconian coast, surpassed in quality--as Pausanias explains (3.21.6, web address 1)--only by that from shellfish harvested from the Phoenician sea. Gow and Page observe (vol. II, 289) that goddesses normally preside over beauty competitions; that Niconoe would offer her dedication to Priapus (Priapos; cf. pi 2275, pi 2276, and pi 2277) suggests that she might be a hetaera (cf. epsilon 3265 and epsilon 3266).
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge 1965)
H. Blümner, Technologie und Terminologie der Gewerbe und Künste bei Griechen und Römern, vol. I, (Leipzig, 1875)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: clothing; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; geography; philosophy; poetry; religion; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 28 May 2000@17:38:49.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keyword; cosmetics) on 6 February 2001@05:27:35.
David Whitehead (augmented note) on 29 June 2002@08:38:13.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 28 July 2009@01:21:48.
Catharine Roth (augmented headword translation) on 28 July 2009@01:22:39.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 9 February 2012@07:05:58.
David Whitehead on 9 February 2012@07:14:35.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 21 December 2014@23:25:41.
David Whitehead on 22 December 2014@03:13:56.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 27 February 2019@01:34:52.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keywords) on 8 December 2021@16:05:15.
Ronald Allen (further expanded n.2, added cross-references, added link) on 14 December 2021@12:55:50.


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