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Headword: *)akroxeiri/zesqai
Adler number: alpha,1023
Translated headword: to struggle at arms length
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] to box or wrestle[1] against another man without close engagement, or to practice with another wholly with the extremities of the hands.[2]
Also [sc. attested is the athlete] Akrokhersites, so named because by seizing the fingertips of his opponent he would break them off and not let go before ascertaining that the man had given in. There was also Leontiskos, a Messenian out of Sicily, who competed in a similar way; this man used to wrestle.[3]
Also [sc. attested is the term] a)kroxeiri/s, [meaning] the top of the hand.[4]
Greek Original:
*)akroxeiri/zesqai: pukteu/ein h)\ pagkratia/zein pro\s e(/teron a)/neu sumplokh=s, h)\ o(/lws a)/krais tai=s xersi\ met' a)/llou gumna/zesqai. kai\ *)akroxersi/ths ou(/tw kalou/menos. lambano/menos ga\r a)/krwn tw=n xeirw=n tou= a)ntagwnistou= e)/kla kai\ ou) pro/teron h)fi/ei, pri\n ai)/sqoito a)pagoreu/santos. h)=n de\ kai\ *leonti/skos, *messh/nios e)k *sikeli/as, paraplhsi/ws a)gwnizo/menos: ou(=tos de\ e)pa/laie. kai\ *)akroxeiri\s, to\ a)/kron th=s xeiro/s.
[1] More exactly, to engage in the pankration, a no-holds-barred combination of boxing and wrestling (pi 11).
[2] Same material in other lexica, including Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon; also in the scholia to [Plato], Alcibiades 1 107E, from where the headword is evidently quoted.
[3] Abbreviated from Pausanias 6.4.1-3. The actual name of this "Akrokhersites" was Sostratos (of Sikyon); cf. sigma 866. Leontiskos has his own Suda entry at lambda 258, where it is stated - going beyond what Pausanias actually warrants - that he too was known as Akrokhersites.
[4] Attested only here and, according to Adler, in the Ambrosian Lexicon.
Keywords: athletics; biography; definition; geography; medicine; philosophy
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 7 March 2000@02:24:26.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added notes; cosmetics) on 26 January 2001@08:26:48.
David Whitehead (augmented note) on 13 July 2001@10:17:53.
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 4 November 2001@06:47:55.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 1 February 2012@08:11:46.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 21 December 2014@23:32:46.
David Whitehead on 22 December 2014@03:15:51.


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