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Headword: *yilo/s
Adler number: psi,105
Translated headword: bare, light-armed
Vetting Status: high
It is a very low-born military unit, which is sent out in front of the army, [consisting of soldiers] without armor [and] without weapons; and if a tumult arises, that rank is the first to be destroyed. "Wretched me! I will serve as a light-armed soldier." He has said this, because he has been stripped.[1]
But Eunapius says yilo/s like nimble. The Romans call these ranks auxilia, thus indicating their swiftness in [providing] assistance and their ease of movement.[2]
And tragedy [also uses the word]: "again I will go back into you [ = the cave] naked, not having nourishment."[3]
There is also the word yilh/, [meaning something feminine that is] weak.
Greek Original:
*yilo/s: ta/cis e)sti\n a)gennesta/th, h(/ tis proba/lletai e)/mprosqen tou= stratope/dou gumnw=n a)o/plwn: kai\ e)a\n taraxh\ ge/nhtai, e)kei/nh prw/th a)nairei=tai. oi)/moi kakodai/mwn: yilo\s au)= strateu/somai. tou=to de\ ei)/rhke, dio/ti e)yi/lwto. *eu)na/pios de\ le/gei yilo\n de\ oi(=on kou=fon. au)ci/lia de\ oi( *(rwmai=oi ta\ te/lh tau=ta prosagoreu/ousi, to\ th=s bohqei/as o)cu\ kai\ para\ ta\s xrei/as eu)ki/nhton ou(/tw prosagoreu/ontes. kai\ h( tragw|di/a: au)=qis au)= pa/lin ei)/seimi pro\s se\ yilo/s, ou)k e)/xwn trofh/n. le/getai kai\ *yilh/, h( a)sqenh/s.
[1] Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae 232 (web address 1), with scholion. For the headword, cf. psi 104, psi 106.
[2] Eunapius fr.105 FHG (4.55); cf. alpha 4453.
[3] Sophocles, Philoctetes 952-3 (web address 2); cf. alpha 4430.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: clothing; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; food; historiography; military affairs; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 16 January 2006@12:37:39.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked and augmented tr; augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 17 January 2006@07:47:58.
David Whitehead on 6 November 2013@06:52:53.


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