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Headword: Γεννητική
Adler number: gamma,143
Translated headword: procreative [power]
Vetting Status: high
Better than all [other powers] and more honorable than the natural abilities of the soul [is] the procreative power, second [is] growth,[1] and third nourishment.[2] The job of nourishment is to preserve the form, for we are preserved as far as we are nourished; that of growth is bringing to the measure which is complete and according to nature, reaching which both animals and plants arrive at the most suitable[3] fulfillment of nature, I mean the procreative power. For thus the most perfect aim of nature [is achieved] through the striving for eternity, being restored to mortal creatures by succession. As a result the growth of a substance provides the logic for its procreation, and the nourishment for its growth.[4]
Melissos supposed that that which did not come into being had no beginning; but it is false: for many things which are unbegotten have beginnings.[5]
Greek Original:
Γεννητική. ὅτι κρείττων πασῶν καὶ τιμιωτέρα τῶν τῆς ψυχῆς φυσικῶν δυνάμεων ἡ γεννητική, δεύτερον δὲ ἡ αὐξητική, καὶ τρίτον ἡ θρεπτική. τῆς μὲν γὰρ θρεπτικῆς ἔργον ἐστὶ τὸ σῴζειν τὸ εἶδος: μέχρι γὰρ τοσούτου σῳζόμεθα, ἕως ἂν τρεφώμεθα: τῆς δὲ αὐξητικῆς τὸ εἰς τέλειον καὶ κατὰ φύσιν μέτρον ἀγαγεῖν, εἰς ὃ γενόμενα τά τε ζῷα καὶ τὰ φυτὰ ἐπὶ τὸ σκοπιμώτατον τῆς φύσεως τέλος, λέγω δὴ τὴν γεννητικὴν δύναμιν, παραγίνεται. οὕτω γὰρ τῆς φύσεως ὁ τελικώτατος σκοπὸς διὰ τὴν ἔφεσιν τῆς ἀϊδιότητος, τοῖς θνητοῖς ζῴοις ἐπισκευαστῆς τῇ διαδοχῇ γινομένης. ὥστε ἡ μὲν αὐξητικὴ ὕλης ἐπέχει λόγον πρὸς τὴν γεννητικήν, πρὸς δὲ τὴν αὐξητικὴν ἡ θρεπτική. ὅτι Μέλισσος ᾤετο τὸ μὴ γενόμενον οὐκ ἔχειν ἀρχήν: ψεῦδος δέ ἐστι: πολλὰ γὰρ ἀγέννητα ὄντα ἀρχὰς ἔχει.
(Entry out of alphabetical order.)
cf. generally gamma 140, gamma 145.
[1] cf. alpha 4454.
[2] cf. theta 474.
[3] cf. sigma 660.
[4] John Philoponus, Commentary on Aristotle's de anima 228.10-19.
[5] Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentaries on Aristotle's Topica 192.1-3. Aristotle's criticism of this Melissos' argument is also discussed in Physics, 1.3 (186a10ff.).
Keywords: biography; definition; food; gender and sexuality; philosophy; religion; science and technology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 4 July 2002@01:40:39.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes; cosmetics) on 4 July 2002@06:35:04.
David Whitehead (added x-ref) on 22 May 2003@06:14:22.
Marcelo Boeri (Expanded note.) on 23 July 2003@02:26:14.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 5 June 2012@08:01:48.
Catharine Roth (tweaks, keyword) on 3 September 2012@22:58:41.
David Whitehead (another note) on 26 January 2014@07:51:17.


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