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Headword: Zênôn
Adler number: zeta,79
Translated headword: Zeno, Zenon
Vetting Status: high
Son of Mnaseas or Demeas, from Kition (Kition is a city in Cyprus),[1] a philosopher who started the Stoic sect. And he himself was called Stoic due to his teaching in the Stoa in Athens, the one at first called the Peisianax's, then later after it was painted the Poikile.[2] He was a student of Krates the Cynic,[3] then of Polemon the Athenian.[4] He died at 90 years of age after refusing nourishment each time it was offered, until he perished of weakness. It was prophesied to him when he inquired of the oracle concerning [sc. the best] life that he should go skin-to-skin with the dead; that is, with the ancients, through their books.[5] He was called "Phoenician", because the Phoenicians were colonists of the town [sc. Kition]. He was at his peak in the days of [King] Antigonos Gonatas,[6] in the 120th Olympiad.[7]
And [there is] a proverb: "stronger than Zeno". For this man held to an extremely ascetic way of life, so as even to enter the realm of the proverbial. For this man was pursuing a novel philosophy. He really did excel over all men in constitution and majesty and by Zeus also in his blessedness. And in fact in addition to that he completed 98 years disease-free and he died healthy.
Greek Original:
Zênôn, Mnaseou ê Dêmeou, Kitieus [polis d' esti Kuprou to Kition], philosophos, hos êrxe tês Stôïkês haireseôs. epeklêthê de kai autos Stôïkos dia to en têi stoai têi en Athênais didaxai auton, hêtis prôiên men Peisianakteios, husteron de zôgraphêtheisa Poikilê eklêthê. mathêtês de ên Kratêtos tou Kunikou, eita Polemônos tou Athênaiou. eteleutêse de etôn #4# aphelôn hekastote tês trophês, heôs atoniai diephtharê. echrêsthê de autôi punthanomenôi peri biou sunchrôtizesthai tois nekrois, hoper ên tois archaiois dia tôn bibliôn. Phoinix d' epeklêthê, hoti Phoinikes epoikoi tou polichniou egenonto. êkmazen epi Antigonou tou Gonata, epi tês k# kai r# Olumpiados. kai paroimia, Zênônos enkratesteros. houtos gar akran eiche diaitan kai litên hôste kai eis paroimian chôrêsai. philosophian kainên gar houtos ephilosophei. tôi gar onti pantas huperebaleto tôi te eidei kai semnotêti kai nê Dia makariotêti. kai dê ê# pros tois #4# bious etê katestrepsen anosos kai hugiês diatelesas.
For general discussions (and bibliography) of Stoicism and Zeno see the web address 1 and web address 2 below; also Julia Annas in OCD(4) pp.1587-8, under Zeno(2).
For the material of the present entry cf. Diogenes Laertius 7.1-3, 27-28.
[1] kappa 1684.
[2] sigma 1150.
[3] kappa 2341.
[4] pi 1887.
[5] cf. alphaiota 76, sigma 1313.
[6] alpha 2659.
[7] 300-297 BCE.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: architecture; art history; biography; chronology; daily life; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; food; geography; medicine; philosophy; proverbs; religion
Translated by: Ross Scaife ✝ on 26 November 2002@16:09:00.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (supplemented and modified translation; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 27 November 2002@03:37:33.
David Whitehead (supplemented translation) on 27 November 2002@08:53:10.
David Whitehead (added note) on 28 November 2002@06:02:59.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 30 November 2012@03:38:53.
Catharine Roth (deleted link) on 3 December 2012@00:12:45.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 15 August 2013@00:40:08.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@05:49:23.
David Whitehead (modified tr) on 1 April 2023@06:17:22.


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