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Headword: Timotheos
Adler number: tau,620
Translated headword: Timotheos, Timotheus
Vetting Status: high
[Son] of Thersander or Neomousos or Philopolis; Milesian; lyric poet. [It was he] who added the 10th and 11th string [to the lyre] and changed old-fashioned music into something softer. He lived during the times of Euripides the tragedian, which are also those of the reign of king Philip of Macedon,[1] and he lived for 97 years. He wrote, in verses, 19 musical nomoi, 36 proems, Artemis, 8 (?)performances, encomia, Persians or Nauplion, Daughters of Phineus, Laertes, 18 dithyrambs, 21 hymns, and other works.
[Note] that[2] Alexander was as fond of listening to music as anyone. For, even earlier, Timotheos the piper, whom they say once piped the so-called orthios nomos of Athena, so greatly amazed Alexander with his melodies that in the middle of listening he rose up to arms; and he said that that is what the royal pipe-tunes ought to be like. Naturally, this Timotheos, when sent for, went to him eagerly.
Greek Original:
Timotheos, Thersandrou ê Neomousou ê Philopolidos, Milêsios, lurikos: hos tên i# kai ia# chordên prosethêke kai tên archaian mousikên epi to malakôteron metêgagen. ên de epi tôn Euripidou chronôn tou tragikou, kath' hous kai Philippos ho Makedôn ebasileuen: kai eteleutêsen etôn #4z#, grapsas di' epôn nomous mousikous ith#, prooimia l#2#, Artemin, diaskeuas ê#, enkômia, Persas ê Nauplion, Phineidas, Laertên, dithurambous iê#, humnous ka#, kai alla tina. hoti Alexandros philêkoos ên eiper tis allos tôn mousikôn: Timotheos gar ho aulêtês eti prosthen, hon pote aulounta legousi tês Athênas ton orthion nomon epikaloumenon, es tosonde ekplêxai Alexandron tois melesin, hôste metaxu akousanta anaïxai epi ta hopla: ton de phanai, hoti toiauta chrê einai ta basilika aulêmata. houtos te dê ho Timotheos anelêluthei pros auton spoudêi metapemptos genomenos.
c.450-360 BCE. See generally Bernhard Zimmermann in OCD(4) s.v. Timotheus(1).
[1] This synchronicity does not work, and Adler's apparatus notes some suggested solutions: change 'Philip' to Archelaos, or move this clause to follow 'and he lived for 97 years'.
[2] cf. alpha 1122, omicron 573. (This, of course, is a different Timotheos.)
Keywords: biography; chronology; ethics; geography; military affairs; meter and music; poetry; trade and manufacture
Translated by: David Whitehead on 8 April 2010@07:07:27.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 9 April 2010@01:03:59.
David Whitehead (corrected tr at one point) on 9 April 2010@06:15:46.
David Whitehead on 13 January 2014@07:14:48.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@08:05:35.


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