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Headword: Tuphôn
Adler number: tau,1224
Translated headword: typhoon
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] a violent thunderstorm, massive and windy. Or a smoky wind that bursts forth from a cloud.[1]
It is also spoken with a sigma [i.e.] tufw/s.
"A lamb, boys, bring out a black lamb, for a typhoon is about to break out."[2] Because they call stormy winds a typhoon. It was customary to slaughter a black lamb for him,[3] so that the wind would cease.
Greek Original:
Tuphôn: keraunos biaios, polus kai pneumatôdês. ê pneuma kapnôdes, errôgos apo nephous. legetai kai dia tou s tuphôs: arn', arna melainan paides exenenkate: tuphôs gar ekbainein paraskeuazetai. tous gar kataigidôdeis anemous tuphôs kalousi. toutôi enomizon melana arna sphagiazein, hopôs lêxêi to pneuma.
See also tau 1222, tau 1223, tau 1125, tau 1226, tau 1127, tau 1228.
[1] From Diogenes Laertius 7.154 (Stoic doctrine). See web address 1.
[2] Aristophanes, Frogs 847-8 (web address 2), followed by comments from the scholia. In both the quotation and the comments the spelling with sigma, tufw/s, is used.
[3] In parts of the scholia not reproduced here, it is clear that the scholiast interprets the sacrifice as being to the demon/divinity Typhon (tau 1228), who either derives his name from or gives his name to the meteorological phenomenon in question.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; imagery; mythology; philosophy; poetry; religion; science and technology; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 20 February 2013@23:47:13.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another note and keyword; cosmetics) on 21 February 2013@03:33:36.
David Whitehead on 16 January 2014@08:12:03.
Catharine Roth (added a link) on 29 October 2022@01:21:14.
Catharine Roth (another link) on 29 October 2022@01:26:13.


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