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Headword: Purrôn
Adler number: pi,3238
Translated headword: Pyrrhon, Pyrrho
Vetting Status: high
[Pyrrho(n)] son of Pleistarchos, of Elis; a philosopher; [the one] who lived during the reign of Philip of Macedon, in the 111th Olympiad[1] and thereafter. He was initially a painter, but then was attracted by philosophy; he studied under Bryson the pupil of Kleinomachos and then under Alexandros the pupil of Metrodoros of Chios, whose teacher had been Metrodoros of Abdera.[2] His opinion was that nothing is naturally bad or good, but [only so] by usage and custom.
Greek Original:
Purrôn, Pleistarchou, Êleios, philosophos: hos ên epi Philippou tou Makedonos, kata tên ria# Olumpiada kai epekeina. kai proteron men ên zôgraphos, husteron de hôrmêsen epi philosophian kai diêkouse Brusônos, tou Kleinomachou mathêtou, eita Alexandrou, tou Mêtrodôrou mathêtou, tou Chiou, hou didaskalos ên Mêtrodôros ho Abdêritês. edoxase de mêden phusei aischron ê kalon, alla ethei kai nomôi.
c.365-275 BCE; see generally Gisela Striker in OCD4 s.v., and pi 3241. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy at web address 1. For the present material cf. Diogenes Laertius 9.61.
[1] 336-333. (This date has suggested to some the need to emend 'Philip' to Alexander -- or else to emend the numeral itself.)
[2] J. Jonsius, De scriptoribus historiae philosophicae libri IV (Francofurti: Ex officina Thom. Matt. Götzii, 1659), 1.4.1 (p. 24) convincingly emended *)Aleca/ndrou to *)Anaca/rxou and *Metro/dwros to *Dhmo/kritos, based on Diogenes Laertius 9.58; cf. R.L. Fowler, Early Greek Mythography I (Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000), 269. See also Bett (below), 152-165, on Pyrrho’s connection to Democritus and Anaxarchus, as well as to Metrodorus of Chios.
Bett, Richard. Pyrrho, his Antecedents, and his Legacy. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: art history; biography; chronology; ethics; geography; philosophy
Translated by: David Whitehead on 22 February 2004@07:52:18.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 17 September 2004@19:17:09.
David Whitehead (augmented n.1) on 19 September 2004@05:40:27.
David Whitehead on 1 December 2011@09:37:33.
Fred Jenkins (Added note 2 and bibliography) on 6 November 2012@21:54:12.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 7 November 2012@03:10:26.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2014@07:27:52.
Catharine Roth (added a link) on 31 December 2021@00:19:59.


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