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Headword: Prutaneia
Adler number: pi,2996
Translated headword: prytaneia; presidency
Vetting Status: high
When lengthened and feminine [this word means] a certain number of days; but in the neuter nobody has said clearly what it means. Some said it is a sum of money, which those involved in litigation paid, out of which which the jurors' fee was given to the six-thousand [sc. jurors]. But prytaneiai [are] a number of days. There were ten every year, because the tribes [were] also ten. The Athenians followed the lunar year: each of the ten tribes held office for 35 days, and from the lunar-year were left 4 days out, that [the Athenians] assigned to the first four tribes which were chosen to take the prytaneia. And first each of the four [tribes] had a prytaneia equivalent to 36 days, while the remaining six [tribes] had instead [one lasting] 35.
The prytaneia is therefore a number of days, 36 or 35. And every tribe holds the prytaneia [sc. in turn]. But among the other Attic writers prytaneia [are sums of] money, which both of the parties in involved in litigation paid, both the accused and the accuser.
Greek Original:
Prutaneia: ektetamenôs men kai thêlukôs arithmos tis hêmerôn: oudeterôs de saphôs men oudeis eipe ti dêloi. tines de argurion ti ephasan einai, ho katetithesan hoi dikazomenoi, ex hôn to dikastikon edidoto tois hexakischiliois. prutaneiai de ho tôn hêmerôn arithmos. deka eginonto kat' eniauton, hoti kai deka hai phulai. eniauton de hoi Athênaioi ton selêniakon êgon: epebale de hekastê phulê tôn deka le# hêmeras, kai eperitteuon ek tou selêniakou eniautou hêmerai d#, has epemerizon tais prôtais lachousais prutaneuein tessarsi phulais. kai tôn men tessarôn prôton hekastê eiche tên prutaneian apartizomenên eis l#2# hêmeras, hai de loipai #2# ana le#. Prutaneias oun estin arithmos hêmerôn, êtoi l#2# ê le#. kai hekastê phulê prutaneuei. para de tois allois Attikois prutaneia argurion, hoper katetithesan hoi dikazomenoi amphoteroi, kai ho pheugôn kai ho diôkôn.
The first and major paragraph of this entry in also in Photius, Lexicon pi1440 Theodoridis (and cf. the scholia to Plato, Laws 953C); the second is in Harpocration (as well as Photius pi1437), and cf. ?Aristotle, Athenaion Politeia 43.3.
See also pi 2997, pi 2998, pi 3000.
Keywords: constitution; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; law; mathematics; politics; science and technology
Translated by: Francesco Ginelli on 6 August 2012@01:51:28.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (notes; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 August 2012@03:42:52.
David Whitehead on 22 October 2013@07:00:41.
David Whitehead (coding etc.) on 25 May 2016@03:54:20.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 13 December 2021@22:33:28.


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