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Headword: Paraballesthai
Adler number: pi,273
Translated headword: to betray, to deceive, to throw beside, to expose oneself to peril
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] to cast oneself toward danger. "[All that] remained was to expose themselves to peril and to act boldly."[1] And elsewhere: "but he was fully and totally bent on exposing himself to danger and risking a battle."[2] Also [sc. attested is the phrase] "unscrupulously approaching several times,"[3] [meaning] hastening boldly.
Greek Original:
Paraballesthai: pros kindunon rhiptein heauton. loipon ên paraballesthai kai tolman. kai authis: ho de pros tôi paraballesthai kai diakinduneuein holos kai pas ên. kai Paraballomenos pleonakis, tharraleôs hormôn.
The headword is the present middle/passive infinitive of the verb paraba/llw, "I throw beside"; see generally LSJ s.v. For the aorist infinitive see already pi 270, pi 271, pi 272.
[1] Polybius fr. 189 Büttner-Wobst. Büttner-Wobst notes (539) that Schweighäuser attributed this fragment to Polybius. This probably describes a moment in battle, and there is a superficial resemblance to Polybius 18.53.3 (web address 1), but the fragment remains unplaced.
[2] Quoted approximately from Polybius 3.94.10 (web address 2); cf. omicron 199. This passage pertains to events during the Second Punic War (218-201). It highlights the refusal of magister equitum Marcus Minucius Rufus (consul 221, d. 216; OCD(4) s.v. Minucius Rufus (1)) to pursue the war of attrition against Hannibal (OCD(4) s.v. and alpha 2452) recommended by dictator Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus, Cunctator ["the Delayer"], (consul 233, d. 203; OCD(4) s.v.). On the divergent strategies of Marcus and Fabius cf. alpha 971, chi 240, delta 1000, epsilon 567, epsilon 695, epsilon 1794, eta 228, and kappa 2602.
[3] Polybius 4.57.4 (web address 3); see already under pi 272.
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig 1904)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 14 September 2008@03:58:14.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, other cosmetics) on 15 September 2008@00:21:03.
David Whitehead (tweaked translation; another keyword; cosmetics) on 16 September 2008@04:01:14.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 29 August 2011@06:39:10.
David Whitehead on 14 August 2013@03:58:11.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2014@04:03:10.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.1, cosmetics n.1 and bibliography) on 24 December 2018@22:21:49.
Catharine Roth (tweaked links) on 7 May 2021@18:01:44.


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