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Headword: Proklos
Adler number: pi,2473
Translated headword: Proclus, Proklos
Vetting Status: high
The Lycian, a student of Syrianus,[1] and also a student of the philosopher Plutarch son of Nestorius,[2] and he [Proclus] himself a Platonic philosopher. He was the head of the philosophy school in Athens, and his student and successor is called Marinus the Neopolitan.[3] He wrote a great many works, both philosophical and grammatical. [He wrote] a commentary on the whole of Homer, a commentary on Hesiod's Works and Days, 3 books about practical instruction, 2 about education, 4 books on the Republic of Plato, On the Theology of Orpheus, the Parallels between Orpheus, Pythagoras and Plato Concerning the Oracles, 10 books, [a book] about the gods in Homer, [and] 18 Dialectical Proofs against Christians.
This man is Proclus, the second after Porphyry[4] to set his foul and insulting tongue in motion against Christians; [the man] to whom John wrote, the one called Philoponus, who responded altogether marvelously to his 18 Dialectical Proofs and exposed him as unlearned and foolish even on Greek matters, on which he greatly prided himself.
Proclus wrote a book on the Mother,[5] which if anyone [were to] pick up and read, he will see that it reveals, with considerable divine inspiration, the whole theology surrounding the goddess, so that no longer is the hearing troubled by poorly resonating dirges.[6]
Greek Original:
Proklos, ho Lukios, mathêtês Surianou, akoustês de kai Ploutarchou tou Nestoriou philosophou, kai autos philosophos Platônikos. houtos proestê tês en Athênais philosophou scholês, kai autou mathêtês kai diadochos chrêmatizei Marinos ho Neapolitês. egrapse panu polla, philosopha te kai grammatika. hupomnêma eis holon ton Homêron, hupomnêma eis ta Hêsiodou Erga kai Hêmeras, Peri chrêstomatheias biblia g#, Peri agôgês b#, Eis tên politeian Platônos biblia d#, Eis tên Orpheôs Theologian, Sumphônian Orpheôs, Puthagorou, Platônos peri ta Logia biblia i#, Peri tôn par' Homêrôi theôn, Epicheirêmata kata Christianôn iê#. houtos esti Proklos, ho deuteros meta Porphurion kata Christianôn tên miaran kai ephubriston autou glôssan kinêsas: eis hon egrapsen Iôannês, ho epiklêtheis Philoponos, panu thaumasiôs hupantêsas kata tôn i# kai ê# epicheirêmatôn autou kai deixas auton kan tois Hellênikois, eph' hois mega ephronei, amathê kai anoêton. egrapse Proklos Mêtrôiakên biblon, hên ei tis meta cheiras laboi, opsetai, hôs ouk aneu theias katakôchês tên theologian tên peri tên theon exephênen hapasan, hôste mêketi thrattesthai tên akoên ek tôn apemphainontôn thrênôn.
AD 410/412-485. See generally J.M. Dillon in OCD4 s.v.
[1] sigma 1662. Adler notes the view of Schoell and Praechter that some of the works attributed here to Proclus (between 'a commentary on the whole of Homer' and 'about the gods in Homer') should in fact be ascribed to Syrianus.
[2] pi 1794.
[3] mu 198; cf. mu 199. Marinus wrote a biography of Proclus, which is drawn upon for the last paragraph here (See note 6).
[4] pi 2098, pi 2099.
[5] cf. mu 1012.
[6] = Marinus, Life of Proclus 33 (see note 3); cf. theta 465, kappa 595.
Keywords: biography; Christianity; chronology; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; gender and sexuality; geography; history; meter and music; mythology; philosophy; poetry; politics; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Brian Dandurand on 10 December 2002@15:21:51.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added notes; augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 11 December 2002@04:30:28.
David Whitehead (added another x-ref) on 12 December 2002@07:12:41.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 3 October 2005@10:04:45.
William Hutton (modified translation, augmented notes, added keywords, raised status.) on 1 March 2008@08:12:22.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 21 November 2011@04:58:30.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 22 April 2014@05:10:22.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 22 April 2014@10:44:22.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2014@07:08:31.


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