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Headword: Porthmos
Adler number: pi,2075
Translated headword: strait
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] a crossing, a sea with land on both sides. For an isthmus is a narrow stretch of land having sea on either side, but a strait is sea that is confined by land.[1]
"There are twin straits, the one on the Hellespont in the vicinity of Sestus and Abydos, and the other on the mouth of the Black Sea, at the site of what is called the Shrine. On the Hellespont there was not really a toll post, but an official sent from the emperor was stationed in Abydos to carry out inspections on particulars [...]; and the one sent to the other strait always went having been supplied with pay by the emperor, supplying nothing from those who were engaged in ship traffic there [...]."[2]
Greek Original:
Porthmos: perama, amphigeios thalassa. isthmos gar esti gê stenê, hekaterôthen echousa thalassan, porthmos de thalassa hupo gês periechomenê. porthmô duo eston, ho men eph' Hellêspontou amphi Sêston te kai Abudon, ho de dê heteros epi tou stomatos tou Euxeinou Pontou, hou to Hieron onomazetai. en men dê tôi Hellêspontôi telôneion hêkista ên, archôn de tis ek basileôs stellomenos en Abudôi kathêsto, diereunômenos hekasta: ho de epi porthmou tou heterou stellomenos misthon aei pros basileôs kekomismenos êei, ouden pros tôn têide nautillomenôn komizomenos.
For this headword as an actual toponym see pi 2074.
[1] = Synagoge and Photius pi1097 Theodoridis; similarly already Hesychius; and in reverse at iota 640 (q.v.).
[2] An abridged and somewhat garbled quotation of Procopius, Secret History 25.2-4. In substantive terms the main omission here is the fact that the duty of the official in Abydos was to see, specifically, that unauthorized weapons did not reach Byzantion.
Keywords: biography; definition; economics; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; politics; religion; trade and manufacture
Translated by: William Hutton on 24 February 2013@09:58:46.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference, set status) on 25 February 2013@01:15:08.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 25 February 2013@03:32:59.
David Whitehead on 10 October 2013@07:58:56.


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