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Headword: Pontos
Adler number: pi,2049
Translated headword: Pontus, Pontos, Black Sea, sea
Vetting Status: high
Properly the [sc. sea] of this name between the Chersonnese and the Euxine, but by misuse of language the entire sea.[1]
[There is] also a proverb, 'a Pontus of benefits', in reference to benefits numerous and large; as if a sea of benefits.[2] Aristophanes [writes]: '[o] Pontoposeidon'; meaning o greatest Poseidon. Metaphorically from the sea.[3]
Greek Original:
Pontos: kuriôs men ho endon tês Cherronêsou kai Euxeinou kaloumenos, katachrêstikôs de pasa hê thalassa. kai paroimia. Pontos agathôn, epi tôn pollôn agathôn kai megalôn: hôsper agathôn thalassa. Aristophanês: Pontoposeidon. anti tou megiste Poseidon. apo tou pontou metaphorikôs.
cf. pi 2048.
[1] Likewise in Photius and other lexica. But both parts of the entry are unsatisfactory. Its first part--if, as seems probable, 'the Chersonnese' is the Thracian rather than the Tauric Chersonnese (see OCD4 Chersonnesus 1 and 2)--appears to be describing the Propontis, a meaning unattested elsewhere. And its second part--where 'the entire sea' might, but probably does not, mean 'the entire *Black* Sea'; cf. epsilon 3606; and generally OCD4 under Euxine Sea--is incorrect as stated: the general sense is primary.
[2] cf. generically alpha 123, delta 91.
[3] Aristophanes, Wealth [Plutus] 1050 (web address 1), with comment from the scholia there.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; ethics; geography; imagery; proverbs; religion
Translated by: David Whitehead on 1 October 2002@03:54:46.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, link, status) on 1 August 2004@16:53:21.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 1 August 2004@16:56:11.
David Whitehead (modified tr; augmented notes) on 2 August 2004@03:27:20.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 18 October 2005@06:46:59.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 26 October 2011@07:23:33.
David Whitehead on 10 October 2013@04:29:31.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2014@06:23:53.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 10 October 2021@20:01:42.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; expanded and improved notes) on 12 October 2021@03:35:35.


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