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Headword: Peripeteia
Adler number: pi,1242
Translated headword: reversal
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] hastiness, or collapse, or coincidence.[1]
"When the delusion took effect every place was full of people throwing themselves into the wells and down from cliffs to the extent that, as the proverb goes, even an enemy would take pity when he saw the reversal of the man at that time."[2]
"He made the kingdom a match for the regimes of his day, not for the most part with the benefit of luck as an assistant, nor out of a reversal, but by quick-wittedness and diligence, and moreover by his own activity."[3]
But peripe/ttein ['to bake over'] is either derived from peripe/tasma ['over-covering'] or from those who encase the groats with leaven and cover things up with them; for they used to mix in the leftovers from each loaf to make a[nother] loaf.[4]
Greek Original:
Peripeteia: propeteia, ê sumptôma, ê sumbasis. panta d' ên plêrê archomenês pharmakeias tôn rhiptountôn heautous eis ta phreata kai kata krêmnôn, hôste kata tên paroimian kan echthron eleêsai theasamenon tên tote peripeteian tou anthrôpou. tôn kath' hauton dunasteiôn ephamillon epoiêse tên archên, ou tuchêi to pleion sunergôi chrômenos, oude ek peripeteias, all' anchinoias kai philoponias, eti de kai praxeôs tês autou. to de peripettein êtoi apo tou peripetasmatos eirêtai, ê apo tôn zumêi ta alphita perilambanontôn kai toutois perikaluptontôn tina: eiôthasi gar ta katalimpanomena aph' hekastou artou mignuntes poiein arton.
cf. pi 1243, pi 1244.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica; references at Photius pi735 Theodoridis.
[2] From Constantine Porphyrogenitus, Excerpta de virtutibus et vitiis 2.208: a garbled version of Polybius 38.16.7, describing the final stages of the Achaean Wars ('reversal of the man' in Constantine and the Suda is 'reversal of Greece' in Polybius).
[3] Constantine Porphyrogenitus, Excerpta de virtutibus et vitiis 2.198.3 = Polybius 32.8.3-4, in reference to Eumenes II of Pergamon (197-158).
[4] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Wealth [Plutus] 159, where the verb peripe/ttein appears. It bears a superficial resemblance to the present headword, but is in fact unrelated; cf. pi 1245.
Keywords: agriculture; biography; botany; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; food; geography; historiography; history; politics; proverbs
Translated by: William Hutton on 17 August 2013@21:53:26.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweak) on 18 August 2013@01:14:26.
David Whitehead (more x-refs; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 18 August 2013@04:43:06.
David Whitehead on 26 September 2013@07:01:38.


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