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Headword: Periousia
Adler number: pi,1225
Translated headword: superfluity
Vetting Status: high
[*periousi/a is] superfluous substance, but ou)si/a [is] substance [which is] in right measure [or: in due proportion].
“Superfluous” is different from “necessary”. Now, necessary are those things without which it is impossible to exist;[1] by contrast, superfluous are those things whose presence is not necessary and, as Aristotle says,[2] [there is superfluity] when, the necessary things [for life] existing, [one] provides [for himself] some [other] things of value. For example, life is something necessary, but good life is superfluous.[3] For by the presence of “good”, which is not necessary for existence, the necessary life is adorned.
Greek Original:
Periousia: hê perittê ousia, ousia de hê summetros. ek periousias de tou anankaiou diapherei. anankaia men oun estin, hôn chôris adunaton einai, ek periousias de, hôn hê parousia ouk ousa anankaia, kai, hôs Aristotelês legei, hotan huparchontôn tôn anankaiôn, alla tina proskataskeuazêtai tôn kalôn. hoion, to men zên anag- kaion, ek periousias de to eu zên: têi gar tou eu parousiai, ouk ousêi pros to einai anankaiai, epikosmeitai to zên anankaion on.
This entry reproduces, almost literally, the first part of epsilon 563; cf. Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentaries on Aristotle's Topica 257.21-27. For the headword, see also pi 1226.
[1] For Aristotle’s technical sense of “necessary” (a)nagkai=on), see Metaphysics 5.5.
[2] Topics 118a12-13.
[3] Topics 118a7-8.
Keywords: definition; ethics; philosophy
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 9 July 2003@14:52:30.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 9 July 2003@19:56:36.
David Whitehead (modified translation of primary gloss; augmented note; cosmetics) on 10 July 2003@03:18:26.
Catharine Roth (tweaks, keyword) on 7 October 2011@00:55:55.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 7 October 2011@00:57:20.
David Whitehead on 26 September 2013@05:52:48.


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