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Headword: Phoinix
Adler number: phi,798
Translated headword: phoenix
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the tree [of that name].[1]
And the bird [of that name]. In the time of Emperor Claudius[2] they say that this appeared to the Egyptians after 654 years.[3]
Also [sc. attested is] phoenix meaning foinikou=s ["crimson, dark-red"].[4] Homer [says]: "[one] that was blood-bay for all the rest".[5] In reference to a horse.
So concerning the bird it is on record[6] that when it reaches the [time] alloted by destiny it comes into Egypt, from somewhere unknown to men; and it makes a pyre for itself out of cassia and myrrh and it dies. And when the pyre has burnt out, after a while they say that a worm is born from the ashes; this is transformed and becomes again a phoenix and it flies away from Egypt to the place where[7] the other phoenix before him came from.
Greek Original:
Phoinix: to dendron. kai to orneon. epi Klaudiou Kaisaros elthein phasi touto tois Aiguptiois dia tettarôn kai n# kai ch# etôn. kai Phoinix, anti tou phoinikous. Homêros: hos to men allo toson phoinix ên. epi hippou. peri oun tou orneou historêtai, hoti hotan autôi to moiridion agêi, erchetai eis Aigupton, hothen ouk isasin anthrôpoi: kai autos heautôi poiêsamenos ek kasias kai smurnês puran apothnêskei. kautheisês de tês puras, meta chronon ek tês spodou skôlêka legousi ginesthai: hon tina metaballein kai ginesthai palin phoinika kai aphiptasthai eis Aigupton ekeithen hothen êlthen ho pro autou phoinix.
[1] The date palm, Ph. dactylifera. See e.g. Homer, Odyssey 6.163. Similar glosses in other lexica
[2] Claudius (41-54 AD), kappa 1708; Garrett Fagan's DIR entry at web address 1.
[3] From Dexippus, FGrH 100 F11, quoted in Georgius Syncellus, Ecloga Chronographica 407.3-4.
[4] cf. phi 793, phi 795, phi 799.
[5] Homer, Iliad 23.454 (web address 2).
[6] In Artemidorus 4.47.
[7] Read *ai)gu/ptou e)kei=se instead of ei)s *ai)/gupton e)kei=qen.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: botany; chronology; definition; epic; geography; historiography; mythology; zoology
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 16 January 2008@19:36:08.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 17 January 2008@04:06:36.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; tweaks and cosmetics) on 27 August 2010@07:28:56.
David Whitehead on 18 December 2013@07:17:37.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes) on 29 November 2014@00:08:01.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 3 April 2023@00:22:54.


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