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Headword: Phabôrinos
Adler number: phi,4
Translated headword: Favorinus
Vetting Status: high
Of Arelate (the city in Gaul).[1] A man learned in every branch of study. Physically he was androgynous (what people call a hermaphrodite); full of philosophy, but more inclined to rhetoric. He lived under the Caesar Trajan, and survived until the time of the emperor Hadrian. He had a rivalry and competition with Plutarch of Chaeronea in the limitlessness of the books he composed.[2] These are some of the books he wrote: On Homer's Philosophy;[3] On Socrates and his Art of Love; On Plato;[4] On the Philosophers' Way of Life; etc. He also wrote a collection of maxims.
Greek Original:
Phabôrinos, Arleatou tês en Galliai poleôs, anêr polumathês kata pasan paideian, gegonôs de tên tou sômatos hexin androgunos [hon phasin hermaphroditon], philosophias mestos, rhêtorikêi de mallon epithemenos: gegonôs epi Traïanou tou kaisaros kai parateinas mechri tôn Adrianou chronôn tou basileôs. antephilotimeito goun kai zêlon eiche pros Ploutarchon ton Chairônea eis to tôn suntattomenôn bibliôn apeiron. gegraptai goun autôi philosopha te kai historika, hôn polus arithmos. esti de kai tôn bibliôn autou tauta: Peri tês Homêrou philosophias, Peri Sôkratous kai tês kat' auton erôtikês technês, Peri Platônos, Peri tês diaitês tôn philosophôn: kai alla. houtos egrapse kai gnômologika.
c. 85-155. See generally RE Favorinus, with Suppl. VI 65-70; OCD4 Favorinus; PIR2 F123. For the present item cf. Philostratus, Lives of the Sophists 1.8.489-492.
[1] Present-day Arles; Barrington Atlas map 15 grid D2.
[2] Plutarch: pi 1793. See E. L. Bowie, 'Hadrian, Favorinus, and Plutarch,' in J. Mossman (ed.), Plutarch and his Intellectual World (London 1997).
[3] Homer: omicron 251.
[4] Plato: pi 1707.
A. Barigazzi, Favorino di Arelate. Opere (Florence 1966); 'Favorino di Arelate', ANRW II.34.1 (1993), 556-581.
L. Holford-Strevens, 'Favorinus: The Man of Paradoxes', in J. Barnes and M. Griffin (ed.) Philosophia Togata II (Oxford 1997) 188-217.
Keywords: biography; chronology; epic; gender and sexuality; geography; medicine; philosophy; proverbs; rhetoric
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 26 March 1999@10:45:41.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 29 May 2002@01:04:47.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 13 September 2002@08:18:41.
Aikaterini Oikonomopoulou (Augmented notes; added bibliography.) on 22 February 2008@10:33:28.
David Whitehead (another note; another keyword; cosmetics) on 12 July 2009@08:40:57.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 2 August 2014@10:20:47.


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