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Headword: Kilikios tragos
Adler number: kappa,1607
Translated headword: Cilician billy-goat
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] one [which is] shaggy. For such billy-goats occur in Cilicia.[1] Whence also the [sc. garments] put together from [sc. their] hairs are called Cilicians.[2]
The Cilicians had been calumniated for wickedness. From which also [comes the expression] 'one acts like a Cilician', meaning one acts maliciously; for to act like a Cilician is to behave maliciously.[3]
Greek Original:
Kilikios tragos: ho dasus. toioutoi gar en Kilikiai ginontai tragoi. hothen kai ta ek tôn trichôn suntithemena Kilikia legontai. hoti hoi Kilikes epi ponêriai diebeblênto. hothen kai to enkilikeuetai, anti tou kakoêtheuetai: enkilikizein gar to kakoêthizesthai.
The headword phrase is (or became) proverbial, and perhaps originated in Attic comedy: see adespota fr. 806 Kock, now 468 Kassel-Austin. Its adjective is the masculine form of *kili/kios, -a, -on, Cilician (cf. n. 1).
[1] An area within southern Asia Minor (ancient Turkey), Cilicia (*kiliki/a; Barrington Atlas map 66 grid D4) is on the Mediterranean coast, between Pamphylia (OCD(4) s.v.) to the west and Syria to the east; cf. LSJ s.v. *ki/lic.
[2] Traditionally crafted in the region, a Cilician is also a robe woven from goat hair: see already kappa 1605, and cf. Diogenianus 5.54, Etymologicum Magnum 513.43, Photius, Lexicon kappa700 Theodoridis (s.v. kigkio/pragoi, corrupt), Hesychius kappa2676. [In her critical apparatus Adler again reports the relevant lemma in Hesychius as *kili/kioi lo/goi, Cilician accounts; see on this the note at kappa 1605.]
[3] This part of the entry has (approximately) appeared already at epsilon 97. For the Cilicians' reputation, cf. kappa 1606 and kappa 1608.
Keywords: clothing; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; imagery; proverbs; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 29 July 2008@01:44:58.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks, cosmetics, status) on 29 July 2008@02:07:31.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 29 July 2008@03:08:13.
David Whitehead on 24 February 2013@07:06:56.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 4 August 2014@06:43:10.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note; more keywords) on 28 December 2014@08:41:19.
David Whitehead (coding) on 1 May 2016@07:40:23.


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