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Headword: Gallos
Adler number: gamma,41
Translated headword: Gallus
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning a] eunuch.[1]
In the Epigrams: "Gallus the long-haired, the lately-cut, a Lydian from Tmolus who once shrieked long for dancers."[2]
Also [sc. attested is the plural] Galloi ["Galli"], eunuchs. "Gnaeus [Manlius], the Romans' consul, crossed and bridged the Sangarius river, which is in a hollow and altogether difficult to cross; and there came to him as he was encamped at the river Galli from Attis and Battacus, priests of the Mother of the gods from Pessinus, who had in addition to her image [other] figurines, and who said the goddess foretold his victory and power; Gnaeus received them benevolently."[3]
And elsewhere: "he sent out youths whom he had prepared as Galli -- with pipers, in women's robes, and having drums and figurines -- against those besieging the territory."[4]
"Galli come from men, but men do not come about from Galli."[5]
Greek Original:
Gallos: apokopos. en Epigrammasi: gallos ho chaitêeis, ho neêtomos, hos pote Tmô Ludios orchêstos makras ololuzomenos. kai Galloi, hoi apokopoi. Gnaios, ho hupatos Rhômaiôn, dierchomenos egephurôse ton Sangarion potamon, teleôs koilon onta kai dusbaton: kai par' auton ton potamon stratopedeusamenos paraginontai Galloi para Attidos kai Battakou tôn ek Pessinountos hiereôn tês mêtros tôn theôn echontes pros têi ideai kai tupous, phaskontes prosangellein tên theon nikên kai kratos: hous ho Gnaios philanthrôpôs hupedexato. kai authis: apesteile neaniskous diaskeuasas eis Gallous, met' aulêtôn en gunaikeiais stolais echontas tumpana kai tupous, epi tous prokathêmenous tês chôras. hoti Galloi men ginontai ex andrôn, ek de Gallôn andres ou ginontai.
[1] Same glossing in Hesychius; and cf. gamma 42.
[2] A garbled version of Greek Anthology 6.234.1-2 (attributed to Erucius/Erycius), the dedication by a eunuch priest of Kybele (Cybele); cf. Gow and Page vol. I (250-251), vol. II (285-286), and another excerpt from this epigram at omicron 554. Mount Tmolus is in western Turkey; cf. tau 719.
[3] Polybius 21.37.4-7; cf. gamma 325 and (esp.) sigma 14.
[4] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti) unidentifiable; cf. tau 1175.
[5] A witticism of the philosopher Arcesilaus (alpha 3950) in Diogenes Laertius 4.43.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1968)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge, 1968)
Keywords: biography; clothing; definition; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; meter and music; philosophy; poetry; religion; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 27 June 2002@19:30:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 28 June 2002@03:56:14.
David Whitehead (typo) on 8 June 2010@03:27:39.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 6 March 2011@09:16:17.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 15 June 2011@05:26:18.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 21 August 2012@15:48:06.
Catharine Roth (cross-reference) on 29 January 2014@01:21:59.
David Whitehead on 29 January 2014@02:53:21.
David Whitehead on 27 September 2015@04:35:38.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography, added cross-reference) on 26 October 2022@01:42:15.
Ronald Allen (augmented n.2) on 27 October 2022@11:51:32.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 28 October 2022@00:39:26.


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