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Headword: Egesta
Adler number: epsilon,52
Translated headword: egesta, agesta
Vetting Status: high
A military device, erected out of stones and timbers and earth. "Those working on this make a screen of goat-hair cloths, which are called Cilician, having sufficient thickness and length, and they attached them to long pieces of wood [...]. For there neither burning arrows nor any other weapons could reach [the workmen], but they remained there in the screens."[1]
But some say that this device is called agesta with an a.[2]
Greek Original:
Egesta: polemikon mêchanêma, ek lithôn kai xulôn kai chou egeiromenon. touto de hoi ergazomenoi prokalumma titheasin ex aigeiôn trichôn, tôn legomenôn Kilikiôn, ha dê pachous te kai mêkous diarkôs echonta, anartêsantes ek xulôn makrôn epiprosthen etithento. entautha gar oute purphoroi oïstoi oute alla belê exikneisthai eichon, all' autou epi tôn prokalummatôn emenon. hoi de dia tou a agesta phasi to toiouton mêchanêma.
[1] An approximation and abridgment of Procopius, History of the Wars of Justinian 2.26.29-30 (web address 1); see further, next note. For Cilician goat-hair cf. kappa 1605, kappa 1607. During the siege of Edessa (cf. epsilon 207) in 544 CE, the Persians under Chosroes (cf. chi 418) construct an artificial hill against the city wall and erect an agesta to protect themselves from Roman arrows and missiles; cf. Kaldellis (130).
[2] In fact agesta is read in this passage of Procopius (in a phrase the Suda omits). The word is probably related to Latin agger.
The entry for agesta at alpha 203 was copied from here. See also akessa at alpha 840.
A. Kaldellis, ed. and H.B. Dewing, trans., Prokopios: The Wars of Justinian, (Indianapolis 2014)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: botany; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; science and technology; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 14 August 2002@15:07:57.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented note; cosmetics) on 15 August 2002@03:12:46.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 24 July 2012@04:34:37.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 3 December 2015@06:06:10.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.1, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keyword, added link) on 23 January 2024@12:04:42.
Ronald Allen (tweaked n.1) on 6 March 2024@11:48:16.


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