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Headword: Epholkia
Adler number: epsilon,3944
Translated headword: tenders, towed-boats
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] small craft/vessels. [sc. So named] from being towed by rowers or by large ships.[1] Also called [this are] those who oversee the goods-for-sale of the cities.[2]
"[They] having sent forth some people in a tender, and having learned the information [or: inquiry] to be Roman."[3]
Also [sc. describable as epholkia are] portable utensils.
"An oil-flask for me and full tenders."[4]
And Aristophanes in Wasps [writes]: "to be sure, he was not laggardly before; no, he was the first of us to lead the way, singing [songs] of Phrynichus." ['Laggardly'] meaning in the rear.[5]
And elsewhere: "for he was encouraging the place to be enticing in appearance and to bring in many of the Romans."[6] Meaning helping.
Greek Original:
Epholkia: karabia mikra. para to helkesthai hupo tôn kôpêlatôn ê tôn megalôn ploiôn. kalountai de kai hoi tôn poleôn ta ônia episkopoumenoi. tôn de steilantôn en epholkiôi tinas kai mathontôn Rhômaïkên einai tên peusin. kai ta epipla ta agôgima. olpê moi kai plêrê epholkia. kai Aristophanês Sphêxin: ou mên pro tou g' epholkos ên, alla prôtos hêmôn hêgeit' anaïdôn Phrunichou. anti tou husteros. kai authis: etharrei gar ton chôron epholkon einai têi opsei kai pollous Rhômaiôn epaxesthai. anti tou ephelkustikon.
[1] So already in Hesychius.
[2] This addendum, taken over from Photius, is incomprehensible as it stands; but (as Adler notes) Bachmann pointed out that ps.-Zonaras's version of epsilon 3951 (ephoros) adds 'Also called ephoroi are etc.'
[3] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti) unidentifiable.
[4] Greek Anthology 7.67.5 (Leonidas of Tarentum), Diogenes addresses Charon [Author, Myth]; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 126), (vol. II, 367-368), and further extracts from this epigram at alpha 3638, beta 114, epsilon 2061, omicron 124, and pi 2073. On Diogenes the Cynic, the ascetic skeptical philosopher, cf. delta 1141, delta 1143, and delta 1144. On Charon, ferryman of the dead to Hades, see chi 135.
[5] Aristophanes, Wasps 268-269, with scholion. (The entry now switches to an adjective related to the headword, e)folko/s; two senses of it are illustrated.)
[6] Neither this quotation nor the individual it concerns were identified by Adler, but Favuzzi [see under alpha 1518] 49-50 argues that the latter is Hannibal, and that the passage has a connection with one in Plutarch's Life of Marcellus (29.2-6 [2-3 Loeb], which ends pepeisme/nos e)pa/cesqai di' eu)fui/an au)ta\ ta\ xwri/a tou\s *(rwmai/ous); this and several other passages in other Suda entries (alphaiota 87, epsilon 1665, iota 351, iota 581, omicron 283, pi 2937) Favuzzi attributes to Aelian's lost work On Divine Manifestations.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge 1965)
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; geography; historiography; history; imagery; meter and music; mythology; philosophy; poetry; science and technology; tragedy
Translated by: Ryan Stone on 31 January 2008@21:24:54.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword and tr; augmented notes and keywords) on 1 February 2008@05:21:30.
David Whitehead (expanded and modified n.5) on 9 October 2011@07:44:02.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 10 October 2011@18:44:15.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 19 November 2012@08:30:30.
David Whitehead (expanded notes) on 21 March 2016@06:46:45.
Ronald Allen (typo n.5; expanded n.4, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keywords) on 5 January 2021@12:26:57.


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