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Headword: Eumenides
Adler number: epsilon,3580
Translated headword: Eumenides
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the Erinyes, who are infernal deities.[1]
They say that they changed their name because of Orestes. For that is when they were first called Eumenides, because they became well-disposed [eumeneis] to him, who was chosen to prevail in the presence of the Athenians, and who brought as a burnt-offering for them a black sheep. But Philemon the comic poet says that the Holy goddesses are different from the Eumenides. Sophocles [writes]: "for the terrible goddesses, maidens of the earth and darkness, hold them."[2]
And [there is] a proverb: "different things [are] beautiful in different places." Inasmuch as some call the Eumenides differently. But certainly other names are acknowledged as beautiful among others, but among us these are acknowledged, to call the Erinyes "Eumenides" as a euphemism.[3]
Greek Original:
Eumenides: hai Erinnues, hai eisi katachthonioi daimones. metabalein de phasin autas to onoma epi Orestêi. tote gar prôton Eumenidas klêthênai, eumeneis autôi genomenas, krithenti nikan par' Athênaiois, kai holokautôsanti autais oïn melainan. Philêmôn de ho kômikos heteras phêsi tas Semnas theas tôn Eumenidôn. Sophoklês: hai gar emphoboi theai sph' echousi, gês te kai skotous korai. kai paroimia: alla d' allachou kala. par' hoson tas Eumenidas alloi allôs kalousin. alla oun onomata par' allois kala nomizontai, par' hêmin de tauta, to onomazein autas Eumenidas kat' euphêmismon tas Erinnuas.
See also epsilon 3581.
[1] From the scholia to Homer, Iliad 9.454; cf. epsilon 2994.
[2] Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus 39-42, preceded here by material from the scholia to line 42 there. (Philemon = fr. 217 Kock, now 180 Kassel-Austin.)
[3] Quoted from alpha 1053.
Keywords: aetiology; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; mythology; proverbs; tragedy; women; zoology
Translated by: Bobbiejo Winfrey on 5 September 2003@15:05:58.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (modified translation) on 5 September 2003@21:38:56.
David Whitehead (supplied notes; augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 6 September 2003@04:58:47.
David Whitehead (x-ref; more keywords; tweaking) on 7 November 2012@08:25:59.
David Whitehead on 26 December 2014@06:05:27.
David Whitehead (small tweak to tr) on 8 March 2016@07:24:13.


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