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Headword: Eumenês
Adler number: epsilon,3579
Translated headword: Eumenes
Vetting Status: high
A king of the Macedonians[1]; who, while he was enfeebled in bodily power, was still holding out[2] by the brightness of his soul; a man who, while he was in most respects second to none of the kings of his time, was in all the most important and finest matters greater and brighter [than they]. First, that is to say, having inherited from his father[3] the kingdom when it had shrunk entirely to a few meagre little towns, he made his own empire a rival to the greatest dynasties of his time, for the most part not relying on fortune as a helper, nor by reversal of circumstance, but through his sharpness of mind and love of hard work, and moreover his own practical ability. Second, he became very concerned with reputation and not only became a benefactor to more Hellenic cities than any of the [other] kings of his time, but also gave substantial support to the most men on an individual basis.[4] Third, having three brothers who in age and practical ability [were ...] [5] he kept all of them together, obeying him, serving as his bodyguards, and preserving the dignity of the kingship. One could find very few cases of this happening.
This Eumenes is put to death by Antigonos,[6] [and was] a man with a greater reputation for wisdom than the rest of the Macedonians, and beyond criticism in matters of strategy, so that he has handed on his name even to later times.
Greek Original:
Eumenês, basileus Makedonôn: hos têi men sômatikêi dunamei paralelumenos ên, têi de tês psuchês lamprotêti prosanteichen, anêr en men tois pleistois oudenos deuteros tôn kath' hauton basileôn genomenos, peri de ta spoudaiotata kai kallista meizôn kai lamproteros. hos ge prôton men paralabôn para tou patros tên basileian sunestalmenên teleôs eis oliga kai lita polismatia tais megistais tôn kath' hauton dunasteiôn ephamillon epoiêse tên idian archên, ou tuchêi to pleion sunergôi chrômenos, oud' ek peripeteias, alla dia tês anchinoias kai philoponias, eti de praxeôs tês hautou. deuteron philodoxotatos egenêthê kai pleistas men tôn kath' hauton basileôn poleis Hellênidas euêrgetêse, pleistous de kat' idian anthrôpous esômatopoiêsen. triton adelphous echôn treis, kai kata tên hêlikian kai praxin pantas toutous sunesche peitharchountas hautôi kai doruphorountas kai sôizontas to tês basileias axiôma. touto de spaniôs heuroi tis an gegonos. ho de Eumenês houtos hupo Antigonou anaireitai, anêr sophôteros ê kata tous loipous tôn Makedonôn doxas einai kai anepilêptos en stratêgiais, hôs kai tôi epeita chronôi paraschein onoma.
[1] i.e. Eumenes II of Pergamon (king 197-159/8); OCD(4) s.v. Eumenes(2). After the opening phrase, the first and principal paragraph of this entry is a verbatim quotation from Polybius 32.8.1-7; cf. under pi 1242.
[2] The Suda reads prosantei=xen; the regular text of Polybios has prosanei=xen, 'was relying on'.
[3] Attalos I (ruled 241-197).
[4] The regular text of Polybios lacks the the paragogic nu of e)swmatopoi/hsen.
[5] Editors of Polybios mark a lacuna after pra=cin.
[6] In fact Eumenes II of Pergamon died of natural causes. The compiler has confused him with Eumenes of Kardia, one of Alexander's Successors, who was pursued across Asia Minor by Antigonos I Monophthalmos and captured in 316 (Diodorus Siculus 19.44.2).
G. Shipley, The Greek World after Alexander: 323-30 BC (London and New York: Routledge, 2000) 315-17 for Eumenes II (and 46-7 for Eumenes of Kardia)
Keywords: biography; ethics; geography; historiography; history; medicine; military affairs; politics
Translated by: D. Graham J. Shipley on 6 January 2001@06:13:57.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented bibliography; added note and keywords; cosmetics; raised status) on 7 January 2001@06:33:23.
David Whitehead (x-ref; more keywords; tweaking) on 7 November 2012@08:19:43.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@08:47:02.


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