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Headword: Epibolê
Adler number: epsilon,2238
Translated headword: thought, principle, impost, penalty, fine
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] notion and reasoning.[1]
In reference to theorems in geometry.[2]
"In the reign of Justinian the name of 'impost' was an unforeseen destruction which came suddenly upon those who owned land and utterly wiped out their hope of life. For finally when the lands had become desolate and barren, of which the masters and the farmers happened to have perished already or leaving their inherited land were being overcome [by] the misfortunes which fell on them because of these [imposts], they do not hesitate to bring [this] upon those who are not yet altogether destroyed."[3]
And this they[4] used to call e)pibolh/ and [the cognate verb] e)piba/llein, as a penalty prescribed for those guardians convicted for wrongdoing towards orphans or for certain others of those who had managed the public funds badly or for those holding others' property and not keeping it in the open. The penalty which the archons prescribe is called e)pibolh/, and the verb is e)piba/llein.[5]
Greek Original:
Epibolê: ennoia kai epicheirêsis. epi theôrêmatôn geômetrikôn. epi de Ioustinianou to tês epibolês onoma olethros ên aprooptos exapinaiôs tois ta chôria kektêmenois epiginomenos prorrizon te autois ektribôn tên tou biou elpida. chôriôn gar telos tôn erêmôn te kai aporôn gegenêmenôn, hôn dê tois te kuriois kai tois geôrgois êdê tetuchêken apolôlenai tên gên patrôian apolipousin ê tous enkeimenous sphisi dia tauta kakous kruptesthai, ouk apêxioun pherein tois oupô diephtharmenois pantapasi. kai touto ekaloun epibolên kai epiballein, hôs horizomenê zêmia tois halousin exêmartêkenai peri orphanous epitropois ê kai allois tisi tôn ta dêmosia mê kalôs dioikêsantôn ê tois katechousi ta allotria kai mê eis emphanes kathistasin. hên hoi archontes zêmian horizousin epibolê kaleitai, kai to rhêma epiballein.
[1] Same glossing in other lexica; and cf. epsilon 2020. For other senses cf. epsilon 2239, epsilon 2240, and below.
[2] LSJ s.v. recognises no sense of this precise kind.
[3] Procopius, Secret History 23.15-16, imperfectly quoted (translation at web address 1).
[4] The Athenians of the classical period.
[5] cf. a scholion on Aristophanes, Wasps 769 (see epsilon 2240), as well as similar glosses in other lexica. On the phenomenon note generally S.C. Todd, The Shape of Athenian Law (Oxford 1993) 80: 'various magistrates had the power to exact epibolai (summary fines) without reference to a court (Athenaion Politeia 56.7; cf. Lysias 30.3)'.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: agriculture; children; chronology; comedy; definition; economics; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; mathematics; philosophy; science and technology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 16 September 2007@22:22:30.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 17 September 2007@03:45:27.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 10 October 2012@08:03:26.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 27 January 2016@04:44:59.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 11 August 2017@21:14:40.


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