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Headword: Exeligmôn
Adler number: epsilon,1616
Translated headword: countermarches
Vetting Status: high
[Of countermarches] there are two forms: one by companies and one by ranks. And for each of them there are three types. For one is called the Macedonian, another the Lakonian, and another the Rustic,[1] which is also called the Cretan and the Persian. The Macedonian countermarch is one by companies: the one that changes the front position of the phalanx, [sc. creating] a rearward front instead of a face-to-face one. The Lakonian is the one that changes the rear position of the phalanx, [sc. creating] likewise a rearward front rather than a forward one. The Rustic[2] is the one that keeps the phalanx in the same position, with the hoplites, section by section, exchanging the positions they held previously for new ones: the company leader, for instance, [sc. takes] the place of the rear-leader, and the rear leader that of the company leader, [sc. creating] a rearward front in place of a forward, face-to-face one.[3] Countermarches by rank are performed when one wants to put the wings in the place of the [sc. other] divisions and the divisions in the place of the the wings in order to make the middle strong as well. And likewise the right in the place of the left and the left in the place of the right.
Greek Original:
Exeligmôn ideai dittai, hê men kata lochous, hê de kata zuga. eidê de ana hekaterou autôn tria. kaleitai gar ho men Makedôn, ho de Lakôn, ho de Chôrios, hon kai Krêtikon kai Persikon kalousi. Makedôn de exeligmos estin ho kata lochous, ho metalambanôn tês phalangos ton emprosthen topon, anti de tês kata prosôpon epiphaneias tên opisthen. Lakôn de estin ho metalambanôn tês phalangos ton opisô topon, homoiôs de anti tês emprosthen epiphaneias tên opisthen. Chôrios de estin ho ton auton epechôn topon tês phalangos, tôn kata meros hoplitôn anth' hôn prokateichon topôn heterous metalambanontôn, tou men lochagou ton tou ouragou, tou de ouragou ton tou lochagou, anti de tês kata prosôpon emprosthen epiphaneias, opisthen. hoi de dê kata zuga exeligmoi ginontai, epeidan epi tôn apotomôn boulêthêi tis ta kerata kathistanein, tas de apotomas epi tôn keratôn, charin tou kai ta mesa ischuropoieisthai: kai homoiôs ta dexia en tois euônumois kai ta euônuma en tois dexiois.
The entire entry is a close paraphrase of Aelian, Tactica 27.1-5, although parts of it, including the beginning, are clearly influenced by the derivative passage in Arrian, Tactica 23.1-5. A very similar version of the passage, with a similar mixture of Aelian and Arrian, is included in the tactical glossary appended to some mss of the Suda (item 44).
The word designated as the headword by Adler and again here is merely the first word of the quotation, and is in the genitive plural in accordance with its function in the syntax of its clause.
cf. generally epsilon 1617.
[1] A translation of the Suda's xw/rios, although both Aelian and Arrian have xo/rios ('dancing') instead. The version of this passage found in the tactical glossary (see primary note above) spells the word correctly.
[2] See note 1.
[3] Apparently (as is explained more clearly in subsequent chapters of Aelian and Arrian), we are to imagine that in the Macedonian countermarch the man at the front of a file does an about-face but remains in place while the rest of the file marches past and forms up behind him. In the Lakonian, the rear of the file does an about-face but remains in the same place while the rest of the file marches past and forms up in front of him. In these types of countermarch the entire phalanx ends up facing the opposite direction in a position either behind (Lakonian) or ahead of (Macedonian) their previous position. In the Dancing (here, "Rustic") countermarch, both front and rear of the file about-face and countermarch simultaneously until they have exchanged positions. The total body of the phalanx thus ends up occupying exactly the same space, but faces the opposite direction. All three forms of countermarch are designed to end up with the front-rank fighters still in the front rank.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; history; military affairs; rhetoric
Translated by: William Hutton on 26 February 2007@08:27:51.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 26 February 2007@09:50:54.
David Whitehead (x-ref; another keyword; cosmetics) on 15 March 2011@11:53:23.
David Whitehead (typo and other cosmetics) on 12 September 2012@05:27:33.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 19 December 2014@01:03:59.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 19 December 2014@02:57:09.


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