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Headword: Enkuklios
Adler number: epsilon,134
Translated headword: cyclical, periodic
Vetting Status: high
[Referring to] the annual giving of money.
"And when the Khagan, the leader of the Avars,[1] asked for the cyclical wealth, which they would get each year from the Romans [...]".[2]
And elsewhere: "the general made the cyclical distributions of money to them."[3] Theophylact Simocatta [says this].
And elsewhere: "the cyclical largess[4] of money was poured out for the Roman corps."[5]
Poetry is also called cyclical.[6]
Greek Original:
Enkuklios: hê etêsios tôn chrêmatôn dosis. tou de Chaganou tou hêgemonos tôn Abarôn exaitountos ton enkuklion plouton, hon an' etos hekaston para Rhômaiôn elambanon. kai authis: ho de stratêgos tas enkuklious dianomas tôn chrêmatôn autois epoiêsato. Theophulaktos Simokatês. kai authis: hê enkuklios tôn chrêmatôn epidosis tôi Rhômaikôi echeito suntagmati. Enkuklia legetai kai ta poiêtika.
For this adjective cf. epsilon 133.
[1] Theophylact Simocatta, Histories 7.8.2, says that the Avars (*)/abaroi) called their leaders Khagans or Khans (*xaga/noi: see chi 2, chi 3).
[2] The use of e)gku/klion plou=ton in Theophylact Simocatta in Histories 1.8.7-8 confirms that this is a fragment, or more likely an adaptation, from him -- as are the next two extracts also (see notes 3 and 5 below).
[3] cf. Theophylact Simocatta, Histories 6.6.4: ta\s duna/meis diariqmhsa/menos, ta\s e)gkukli/ous tw=n xrhma/twn au)toi=s dianoma\s e)poih/sato.
[4] An e)pi/dosis or donativum was a bonus, usually of money, given out to soldiers over and above their wages in order to encourage loyalty. Here the general seems to have made an annual payment of this sort; this is similar to the way modern companies will give a Christmas bonus to keep employees happy.
[5] Theophylact Simocatta, Histories 2.10.5.
[6] Likewise in other lexica (e.g. Photius epsilon68), and cf. the scholia to Gregory of Nazianzus PG 36.914c (on the genitive plural in G.'s speech In praise of Athanasius).
Wirth, P. Theophylacti Simocattae historiae, Leipzig: Teubner, 1887 (repr. Stuttgart: Teubner, 1972)
Keywords: biography; Christianity; definition; economics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; poetry; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Abram Ring on 29 November 2005@08:36:02.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (restored pre-translation vetting status) on 29 November 2005@08:38:07.
David Whitehead (tweaked translation and n.1) on 30 November 2005@04:49:10.
Abram Ring (cosmetics, bibliographic format) on 27 March 2006@12:53:28.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 26 July 2012@04:05:26.
Catharine Roth (deleted link) on 11 July 2015@00:50:52.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 4 December 2015@09:58:27.


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