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Headword: Enauein
Adler number: epsilon,1136
Translated headword: to kindle, to light a fire
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] to share fire. Polybius [writes]: "if any one remained who had not died [sc. in the battle] and escaped the danger, [the Acarnanians decreed] that no city was to receive him or light a fire [for him]. On these decisions they made solemn execrations, especially for the Epirotes, that none of those who fled should be given asylum in the region".[1]
And elsewhere Aelian [writes]:[2] "if ever a disease had spread in the community, the sacred scribes, coming to the burial precinct of this man[3] and then performing the due rituals, lit a fire from the altar and kindled some pyres, one for each city; [thus] they drove away from the bad-smelling air the deadly disease, and after having rarefied it they quenched with the flame the newest source of pollution". And elsewhere:[4] "through blackmail the Athenian Kallixenos[5] got back prizes[6] for his impudence and impiety, hated in town and poverty-stricken and incarcerated to die of starvation; for they did not share any water with him, nor were they willing to light a fire, as if to have common dealings with those wishing and needing [to do so]."
Greek Original:
Enauein: puros metadidonai. Polubios: ei de tis leipomenos mê thanoi, phugoi de ton kindunon, touton mête polei dechesthai mête pur enauein. peri toutôn aras epoiêsanto pasi men, malista de tois Êpeirôtais, eis to mêdena tôn phugontôn dexasthai têi chôrai. kai authis Ailianos: ei pote dêmosia nosos epepolasen, epi ton sêkon toude phoitôntes hoi hierogrammateis, eita mentoi tas deousas hierourgias epitelountes ek tou bômou pur enauontai kai exêpton puras kata poleis kai tou dusôdous aeros tên phthoropoion ekeinên noson marainousi kai leptunantes touto dê to kainotaton tên noson esbesan tôi puri. kai authis: Kallixenos ho Athênaios dia sukophantian athla apênenkato tês anaischuntias kai asebeias, en astei misoumenos kai penomenos kai apokleiomenos limôi apothanein: epei mête hudatos ekoinônoun autôi, mête puros enauein eboulonto, hôsper oun koinônein tois boulomenois kai deomenois.
The headword is present infinitive of the verb e)nau/w; again epsilon 1137, and cf. Hesychius epsilon2705, epsilon2708, epsilon2709.
[1] Polybius 9.40.5 (web address 1 below). The passage, though incomplete in the manuscript transmission, tells about the measures taken by the Acarnanians when faced by an invasion of the Aetolians led by Scopas in 211 BCE. After having sent to Epirus their women, children and elderly people, the Acarnanians solemnly swore to fight the invaders with all their might, and bound themselves not to admit back any soldiers fleeing from the battle. See also Livy 26.25 (web address 2).
[2] Aelian fr. 108b Domingo-Forasté (105 Hercher); cf. iota 73. On fighting plague with fire, see alpha 1026.
[3] The Egyptian Jachim.
[4] Aelian fr. 243 Domingo-Forasté (245 Hercher).
[5] The mover of the decree against the generals who had been in command at the Battle of Arginusae (406 BCE), Kallixenos was later prosecuted; having escaped confinement, he went to Dekeleia as a refugee to the Lacedaemonians. Three years later he came back to Athens, under the general amnesty: but the hatred of the citizens had him live in poverty. See kappa 1040; Xenophon, Hellenica 1.7.35; Diodorus Siculus 13.103 (Excerpta Constantiniana, de virtutibus et vitiis 234.5); scholia to Aelius Aristides 163.7.
[6] Ironic.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; economics; ethics; food; geography; historiography; history; law; medicine; military affairs; politics; religion
Translated by: Antonella Ippolito on 14 October 2005@20:37:22.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked headword and tr; x-ref; more keywords) on 17 October 2005@05:14:36.
Antonella Ippolito (modified a note number) on 17 October 2005@10:22:02.
David Whitehead (more tweaking of note numbers) on 18 October 2005@08:15:09.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaking) on 22 August 2012@05:30:06.
Catharine Roth (updated references, upgraded link) on 16 June 2013@01:57:20.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 16 June 2013@04:12:29.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 18 November 2014@23:02:08.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 18 November 2014@23:05:35.
David Whitehead (small expansion to n.1) on 8 January 2016@07:38:52.
Catharine Roth (cross-reference) on 19 February 2017@02:03:44.


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