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Headword: Diapherôn
Adler number: delta,818
Translated headword: carrying out; exceptional
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning he] preparing. "Formerly carrying out the war as a side-issue, Justinian made his preparation for it most noteworthy."[1]
Also [sc. attested is the genitive plural] diafero/ntwn ["exceptional"], meaning select. "[He] learning that the city was fortified and that a multitude of exceptional men had gathered into it ..."[2]
Greek Original:
Diapherôn: paraskeuazôn. parergôs ta protera ton polemon diapherôn Ioustinianos axiologôtatên autou pepoiêtai tên paraskeuên. kai Diapherontôn, anti tou epilektôn. punthanomenos tên polin ôchurôsthai kai plêthos anthrôpôn diapherontôn eis autên êthroisthai.
The headword participle is presumably extracted from the first quotation given. For the second meaning of it exemplified later in the entry, cf. generally delta 816.
[1] Procopius, History of the Wars of Justinian 8.26.7 (web address 1); cf. Kaldellis (523). In April 552 CE, Emperor Justinian I (cf. iota 446) accedes to the demands of Byzantine general Narses (nu 42) and devotes significant resources to the campaign against Totila (tau 879) and the Goths in Italy; cf. Kaldellis (522-523).
[2] Polybius 3.18.8 (web address 2, L.Aemilius Paullus at Pharos during the Second Illyrian War, 219 BCE). The city of Pharos (Pharus) is on the western end of an island of the same name off the Dalmatian coast (Barrington Atlas map 20 grid D6). By way of a shrewdly conceived ambush (cf. alpha 2545) Roman Consul Lucius Aemilius Paullus (cf. OCD(4) s.v. Aemilius Paullus(1)) captured a well-defended insular city. But whether that city was in fact Pharos (the site of modern-day Stari Grad, on the north coast of the island, and in accord with Polybius's account) or rather the site of modern Hvar, on the south coast, remains a matter of scholarly dispute (Walbank, p. 330).
A. Kaldellis, ed. and H.B. Dewing, trans., Prokopios: The Wars of Justinian, (Indianapolis 2014)
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. I, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; science and technology
Translated by: William Hutton on 29 August 2004@12:39:51.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes and more keywords; cosmetics) on 30 August 2004@03:29:47.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 3 July 2012@05:37:19.
Ronald Allen (augmented n.2, added link, added bibliography, added map reference, added cross-reference) on 31 May 2018@01:00:57.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.1, added to bibliography, added cross-references, added link) on 16 January 2024@11:35:40.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 17 January 2024@00:38:04.


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