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Headword: Diogenês
Adler number: delta,1144
Translated headword: Diogenes
Vetting Status: high
A pupil of Antisthenes;[1] [the man] first named (?)Kleon.[2] He lived in a wine-jar. When he asked how he might be outstanding, the god[3] replied that he was acting as a [sc. good] citizen if he were to re-stamp. He re-stamped the currency, and for this he was exiled[4] and went to Athens.[5] Happening upon Antisthenes who was conversing according to his reputation, he became a philosopher. On a sea voyage he was captured by pirates and sold.[6] When he was being auctioned and was asked what he knew, he said, "How to rule men." And when he observed a rich Corinthian profligate, he said, "Sell me to this man, for he needs a master." The man bought him and took him to Corinth and appointed him tutor to his children. He said that a good spirit had come into his household.
Greek Original:
Diogenês, Antisthenous homilêtês, hos prôtos Kleôn epeklêthê: en pithôi de dietriben. eromenôi de autôi, pôs an prôteuseien, epoliteueto de, ho theos aneilen, ei paracharaxeien. ho de to nomisma parecharaxen: eph' hôi phugôn êlthen es Athênas. entuchôn de Antisthenei kata doxês dialegomenôi ephilosophêse. pleôn de hupo katapontistôn lêphtheis eprathê. kêruttomenos de kai erôtômenos, ti eideiê, archein anthrôpôn, ephê. kai theasamenos Korinthion plousion asôton, toutôi me, ephê, pôlêson: despotou gar deitai. ho de ôneitai kai eis Korinthon agei kai tôn paidôn apodeiknusi paidagôgon. elege de daimona agathon eis tên oikian eiselêluthenai.
Diogenes of Sinope, the Cynic: see already delta 1141 and delta 1143. For the present entry's material cf. generally Diogenes Laertius 6.20-21 & 74.
[1] Antisthenes: alpha 2723.
[2] This claim is not made in Diog.Laert., or elsewhere. Adler reports no manuscript discrepancies; nevertheless, as has been suggested, the transmitted *Kle/wn is surely an error for *Ku/wn "Dog" (cf. delta 1141).
[3] Apollo -- of Delos or Delphi, according to Diog.Laert. The latter is the more likely, and this consultation is Q201 in J. Fontenrose, The Delphic Oracle: its responses and operations with a catalogue of responses (Berkeley & Los Angeles 1978).
[4] sc. from his native Sinope.
[5] Diog.Laert. has several versions of this episode, some involving Diogenes' father the banker. Either way, the point is that Apollo's advice was taken too literally: at issue here was a 're-stamping' not of coinage but of civic behaviour.
[6] cf. under delta 1143.
Keywords: biography; children; economics; ethics; food; geography; philosophy; religion; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 23 December 2004@00:56:23.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified aspects of translation; augmented notes and keywords) on 23 December 2004@04:24:12.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 6 October 2005@09:06:57.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 20 November 2005@08:57:35.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 11 July 2012@09:40:45.
David Whitehead (another note; cosmetics) on 10 November 2015@06:50:39.


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