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Headword: Bekeselêne
Adler number: beta,228
Translated headword: bekeselene
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] either apoplectic [i.e. stroke-disabled] and moonstruck [i.e. epileptic]; or the 2 are combined into one, bekos and selene; both [words are] old. Or because the Lydians or Phrygians called bread bekos. But they were accused of being stupid. So he is ridiculing them for their speech. But the story concerning beke, which is a Phrygian word signifying "bread," is well-known from the second book of Herodotus.
Greek Original:
Bekeselêne: êtoi apoplêkte kai selênoplêkte: ê ta b# sunkeitai hôs hen, to bekos kai hê selênê: archaia de amphotera. ê hoti hoi Ludoi ton arton bekos ekaloun ê Phruges. dieballonto de hôs anoêtoi. apo tês oun dialektou skôptei autous. hê de peri tou beke historia, hê esti phônê Phrugôn sêmainousa ton arton, para Hêrodotôi phanera estin en b#.
From the scholia to Aristophanes, Clouds 398, where this vocative singular appears (but spelled there with double kappa: see web address 1).
The story is told by Herodotus 2.2: see beta 229.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; geography; historiography; history; medicine
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 21 July 2000@01:05:38.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; cosmetics) on 30 August 2002@07:22:58.
Catharine Roth (improved link) on 31 August 2002@01:30:55.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 28 May 2012@04:27:43.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 28 May 2012@16:17:43.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 22 August 2013@20:57:24.
David Whitehead on 20 September 2015@04:20:17.


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