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Headword: Aristotelês
Adler number: alpha,3929
Translated headword: Aristoteles, Aristotle
Vetting Status: high
Son of Nikomakhos and Phaistias. Nikomakhos was a physician in the tradition of the Asklepiads, from Nikomakhos the son of Makhaon.[1] [Aristotle came] from Stageira, a city of Thrace;[2] he was a philosopher, a disciple of Plato, with a stammering voice. He had siblings Arimnestos and Arimneste, and a daughter by Pythias, the daughter of Hermeias the eunuch, who fathered her despite his being castrated.[3] The daughter of Aristotle married three times and after giving birth predeceased her father Aristotle. He also had a son Nikomakhos from Herpyllis his concubine, *whom he took after Pythias the daughter of Hermeias the eunuch, who was a ruler of Atarneus. This place [is located] in the Troad, and having become a slave of Euboulos the Bithynian, Hermeias received [it from him].[4] And Hermeias himself became the lover of Aristotle.*[5] He presided for 13 years[6] over the philosophy which was called Peripatetic; it acquired this name because he taught on a walking path [peripatos] or in a garden after he left the Academy, in which Plato taught. He was born in the 99th Olympiad[7] and died by drinking aconite in Chalkis [Myth, Place], because he was being summoned to receive punishment, since he had written a paean to Hermeias the eunuch;[8] but some say he died of disease when he had lived 70 years.
Greek Original:
Aristotelês, huios Nikomachou kai Phaistiados: ho de Nikomachos iatros ên tou tôn Asklêpiadôn genous, apo Nikomachou tou Machaonos. ek Stageirôn, poleôs tês Thraikês, philosophos, mathêtês Platônos, traulos tên phônên. kai adelphous men eschen Arimnêston kai Arimnêstên, thugatera de apo Puthiados, tês thugatros Hermeiou tou eunouchou: hos kai thladias ôn autên espeire. gêmamenê de trisin hê Aristotelous thugatêr teknôsasa proeteleutêsen Aristotelous tou patros. esche de kai huion Nikomachon ex Herpullidos pallakês, hên êgageto meta Puthiada par' Hermeiou tou eunouchou: hostis ên archôn Atarneôs, chôra de hautê Trôiados, Euboulou de tou Bithunou doulos gegonôs elabe: kai autou Hermeiou paidika genomenou Aristotelous. êrxe de etê ig# tês Peripatêtikês klêtheisês philosophias dia to en peripatôi êtoi kêpôi didaxai anachôrêsanta tês Akadêmias, en hêi Platôn edidaxen. egennêthê de en têi #4th# Olumpiadi kai apethanen akoniton piôn en Chalkidi, dioti ekaleito pros euthunas, epeidê egrapse paiana eis Hermeian ton eunouchon: hoi de phasi nosôi auton teleutêsai biôsanta etê o#.
Vita Menagiana of Aristotle; cf. Diogenes Laertius 5.1,4,9-10; Dionysius of Halicarnassus ad Ammaeum 5.
On Aristotle see also alpha 3930, sigma 979, and generally OCD(4) s.v. (pp.159-63).
[1] For whom see nu 399.
[2] sigma 977.
[3] Apparently she was his niece and adopted daughter. For Hermeias see epsilon 3040, where the name is written 'Hermias'.
[4] According to Strabo, Hermeias shared the tyranny with his master Euboulos and then succeeded him. See Strabo 13.1.57: web address 1.
[5] Between the asterisks the text is corrupt.
[6] 335-322.
[7] 384/3 - 381/0; in 384, in fact.
[8] The charge made against Aristotle was impiety. See Diogenes Laertius 5.5.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; children; chronology; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; geography; history; medicine; philosophy; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 31 March 2002@12:18:59.
Vetted by:
Tony Natoli (Changes made to translation and notes. Keyword added and cosmetics) on 1 April 2002@17:00:52.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics; raised status) on 10 April 2002@08:04:50.
David Whitehead (added keyword) on 25 August 2002@04:27:32.
David Whitehead (restorative cosmetics at end of tr) on 24 October 2003@04:20:13.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 23 October 2005@05:01:17.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 11 November 2005@05:40:50.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 12 April 2012@05:44:00.
Catharine Roth (reduced links) on 13 April 2012@02:06:52.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 31 July 2014@03:37:11.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 31 July 2014@09:45:10.


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