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Headword: Areios pagos
Adler number: alpha,3838
Translated headword: Ares' hill; Areiopagos, Areopagus
Vetting Status: high
A lawcourt at Athens. In it[1] [are] 2 councils: that of the 500 which is appointed each year to deliberate, and that which [leads] to a single [body] of the Areopagites. [sc. The latter] used to try homicide cases and also to exercize solemn control over the other affairs of the city. It was given the name Areios pagos ["Ares' hill"], either because the court is on a hill and [thus] in a high place -- and "of Ares" because it tries homicide cases; Ares [has a link] with homicides -- or because he grounded his spear there in the suit in reply to Poseidon over Halirrhothios, when he [Ares] killed him [Halirrhothios] because he [Halirrhothios] had raped Alkippe, his [Ares'] daughter with Agraulos the daughter of Kekrops, as Hellanicus says in [book] one.[2]
Also [sc. attested is] Areion teichos ["Ares' wall"] and Areiopagitês ["Areopagite"].[3]
Greek Original:
Areios pagos: dikastêrion Athênêsin. en autais boulai b#, hê men tôn ph# kath' hekaston eniauton klêroumenê bouleuein, hê de eis mian tôn Areopagetôn. edikaze de kai ta phonika kai ta alla politika diôikei semnôs. eklêthê de Areios pagos, êtoi hoti en tôi pagôi esti kai en hupsei to dikastêrion: Areios de, epei ta phonika dikazei: ho de Arês epi tôn phonôn: ê hoti epêxe to doru ekei en têi pros Poseidôna huper Halirrothiou dikêi, hote apekteinen auton biasamenon Alkippên tên autou kai Agraulou tês Kekropos thugatros, hôs phêsin Hellanikos en a#. kai Areion teichos kai Areiopagitês.
See generally OCD(4) p.146, s.v. Areopagus.
[1] Literally "in them," but the name of the city is plural.
[2] Hellanicus FGrH 4 F38. For the Attic hero Halirrhothios, son of Poseidon, see already alpha 1243.
[3] For the latter see already alpha 3824. (The former could well be an error for eta 489, q.v.).
Keywords: aetiology; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; law; mythology; politics
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 13 July 2001@15:23:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes; added keywords; cosmetics) on 15 July 2001@06:36:18.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 20 November 2005@10:02:01.
David Whitehead (modified translation, after advice from Dr Todd Compton) on 28 February 2006@03:41:57.
David Whitehead (expanded n.4; cosmetics) on 11 April 2012@08:17:26.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 31 July 2014@03:06:51.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 22 October 2015@19:39:03.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr and notes; cosmetics) on 23 October 2015@03:13:47.


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