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Headword: Ankura
Adler number: alpha,257
Translated headword: Ankyra, Ancyra, Ankara
Vetting Status: high
A city.[1] See under Galatai.[2]
Greek Original:
Ankura: polis: zêtei en tôi Galatai.
OCD(4) p.84.
[1] As 'Ankara', the capital of present-day Turkey. The city lies in the northwestern part of Anatolia, about 125 miles south of the Black Sea. According to Pausanias (1.4), Ankyra was founded by Midas. Stephanus of Byzantium s.v. Ankyra ( = Apollonius of Aphrodisias FGrH 740 F14) traces the name of the city to the anchors (ankyra) captured by the Galatians when they defeated the Ptolemaic navy in the Black Sea in the 260s BCE. However, since the city was called Ankyra when Alexander the Great visited it (Arrian Anabasis 2.4.1), Stephanus' report is obviously incorrect.
[2] gamma 21. ['Galatai' is Adler's own emendation of the unsatisfactory paradosis here.] See also alpha 259.
Keywords: aetiology; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; military affairs
Translated by: Roger Travis on 4 October 2000@12:00:31.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes, bibliography, keyword; cosmetics) on 6 February 2001@11:03:10.
Mehmet Fatih Yavuz (augmented notes) on 18 October 2008@17:38:51.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 19 October 2008@01:32:52.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 19 October 2008@04:01:30.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 1 August 2011@08:23:10.
David Whitehead (expanded n.2) on 28 March 2014@06:37:23.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@02:41:33.


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