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Headword: Anagurasios
Adler number: alpha,1842
Translated headword: Anagyrasian
Vetting Status: high
Anagyrous is a deme of the [sc. Athenian] tribe Erechtheis, the demesman from which [is an] Anagyrasian.[1]
Also [sc. attested is the proverbial phrase] "Anagyrasian spirit".[2] And [there is] a shrine of Anagyros in the deme of the Anagyrasians. [The phrase] "Anagyrasian spirit" [arose] because a hero Anagyros[3] took vengeance on the elderly settler who cut down the grove. Anagyrasians [were] a deme of Attica. One of them cut down the grove of this [hero]. He[4] made [the man's] concubine fall madly in love with [the man's] son, and she, unable to persuade the son, denounced him to the father as licentious. He [the father] mutilated him [the son] and immured him in the house. Consequently[5] the father hanged himself, and the concubine threw herself into a well. Hieronymus tells the story in his [treatise] On Tragic Poets,[6] comparing the Phoenix [Author, Myth] of Euripides to them.[7]
Greek Original:
Anagurasios: dêmos estin Anagurous tês Erechthêïdos phulês, hês ho dêmotês Anagurasios. kai Anagurasios daimôn. kai temenos Anagurou en tôi dêmôi tôn Anagurasiôn. Anagurasios daimôn, epei ton paroikounta presbutên kai ektemnonta to alsos etimôrêsato Anaguros hêrôs. Anagurasioi de dêmos tês Attikês. toutou de tis exekopse to alsos. ho de tôi huiôi autou epemêne tên pallakên, hêtis mê dunamenê sumpeisai ton paida diebalen hôs aselgê tôi patri. ho de epêrôsen auton kai enkatôikodomêsen. epi toutois kai ho patêr heauton anêrtêsen, hê de pallakê eis phrear heautên erripsen. historei de Hierônumos en tôi peri tragôidiopoiôn apeikazôn toutois ton Euripidou Phoinika.
From Harpokration s.v. See also alpha 1843.
[1] Present-day Vari. See J.S. Traill, The Political Organization of Attica (Princeton 1975) 38; D. Whitehead, The Demes of Attica (Princeton 1986) index s.v.
[2] Besides what follows here, see the paroemiographers (e.g. Apostolius 2.96) and Kassel-Austin, PCG III.2 (Aristophanes) pp.51-52.
[3] On hero-cult see generally OCD(4) s.v. (p.672).
[4] Anagyros, evidently. (At epsilon 78, where this mini-narrative is summarised, the father is the subject -- but the verb is different. The present version should be taken as the authentic one.)
[5] i.e. the consequences implied above, of the vengeance of the local "hero" Anagyros, to whom the grove was (as such groves often were) sacred.
[6] Hieronymus of Rhodes (C3 BCE) fr. 32 Wehrli = 42A White.
[7] Euripides' play is lost, but see Apollodorus 3.13.8: P. was blinded by his father Amyntor after Phthia, Amyntor's concubine, falsely accused him of having seduced her. (He was later cured by Cheiron.)
Keywords: aetiology; botany; children; comedy; daily life; gender and sexuality; geography; mythology; poetry; proverbs; religion; tragedy; women
Translated by: David Whitehead on 5 March 2001@08:07:56.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 28 July 2002@10:44:38.
William Hutton (Cosmetics, added keywords, raised status) on 11 September 2002@11:17:46.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 24 July 2006@01:37:47.
David Whitehead (expanded n.4) on 27 July 2006@07:39:31.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; another keyword) on 31 January 2007@07:22:15.
Catharine Roth (modified translation) on 1 February 2007@00:11:16.
Catharine Roth (another tweak) on 1 February 2007@10:45:26.
David Whitehead (further (final?) changes to tr; augmented notes and keywords) on 2 February 2007@03:30:51.
David Mirhady (updated reference) on 15 August 2008@19:17:34.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 22 February 2012@08:28:20.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@05:55:33.
David Whitehead on 22 December 2014@06:24:28.
David Whitehead on 8 January 2016@07:46:37.


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