Suda On Line menu Search

Search results for alpha,1280 in Adler number:
Greek display:    

Headword: Alkibiadês
Adler number: alpha,1280
Translated headword: Alcibiades, Alkibiades
Vetting Status: high
The son of Kleinias and of Perikles' sister.[1] An Athenian, a philosopher[2] and a politician. A pupil first of Sophilos, then of Sokrates, whose lover he was too, as some say. Some also record that he was born of slaves.[3]
This man served as a general of the Athenians;[4] and pained because of being expelled from his generalship on account of the mutilation of the herms[5] he went over to the Persian Tis(s)aphernes[6] and became responsible for a war against the Athenians -- [but] he came to be on good terms with them again. When Lysander,[7] with whom he was spending time, was about to capture him, while he was in the country of Phrygia with a mistress he saw a dream of this sort: he seemed, wearing the clothes of his mistress, to burn separately from his head.[8] The spearmen standing nearby set the tent on fire, and Alkibiades went out and, having been hunted down, was attacked and wounded. They cut off his head and brought it to Pharnabazos.[9]
This man, having been victorious at the Olympic games, gave a banquet for the entire festival.[10]
Greek Original:
Alkibiadês: huios Kleiniou kai tês adelphês Perikleous, Athênaios, philosophos kai rhêtôr. mathêtês prôton Sophilou, eita Sôkratous, hou kai erômenos, hôs tines. kai ek doulôn de techthenta tines historêkasin. houtos estratêgêsen Athênaiôn, kai lupêtheis dia to ekpesein auton tês stratêgias tês tôn Hermôn apokopês heneka kai apostas pros Tisaphernên ton Persên kai polemou aitios genomenos Athênaiois palin autois eunous egeneto. mellontos de Lusandrou auton anairein, par' hôi dietriben, eis kômên tês Phrugias hetairai sunôn onar ên tetheamenos toionde: edokei tên esthêta tês hetairas echôn kaiesthai dicha tês kephalês. hoi doruphoroi de epistantes huphêpsan tên skênên, ho de exelthôn biai titrôsketai diôchtheis. hoi de tên kephalên aphelontes autou Pharnabazôi komizousin. houtos Olumpia nikêsas tên panêgurin hapasan heistiasen.
451/0-404/3. See generally P.J. Rhodes in OCD(4) s.v. (pp.52-3). The present entry is attributed by Adler to the biographies of notable individuals by Hesychius of Miletus (C6 CE); and specifically, the section beginning 'This man served as general ...' is regarded as perhaps coming from the same source as alpha 453, etc.
[1] Deinomache. For Perikles see generally pi 1179 etc. (For Kleinias see kappa 1751.)
[2] An odd characterisation, despite his association with Sokrates (sigma 829), about to be mentioned.
[3] Factually nonsense, of course. Political abuse, if correctly located here; but Adler (addenda) notes Bernhardy's suggestion that it belongs with alpha 1289 (q.v.).
[4] For his career in office see Develin (1989), Index I no. 84.
[5] cf. generally epsilon 3047.
[6] A Persian satrap (provincial governor): see tau 661.
[7] lambda 852.
[8] For Alkibiades' end cf. Plutarch, Alcibiades 38-39. The Suda's version of this dream is an abbreviated version of what we are told in Plut. Alc. 39: e)do/kei perikei=sqai me\n au)to\s th\n e)sqh=ta th=s e(tai/ras, e)kei/nhn de\ th\n kefalh\n e)n tai=s a)gka/lais e)/xousan au)tou= kosmei=n to\ pro/swpon w(/sper gunaiko\s u(pogra/fousan kai\ yimuqiou=san. e(/teroi de/ fasin i)dei=n th\n kefalh\n a)pote/mnontas au)tou= tou\s peri\ to\n *magai=on e)n toi=s u(/pnois kai\ to\ sw=ma kaio/menon. "It seemed that he was wearing the clothes of his mistress, but she held his head in her arms and adorned his face like a woman's, outlining [his eyes] and making up [his face] with white lead. Others say that in his sleep he saw Magaeus' followers cutting off his head and his body burning."
[9] Another Persian satrap.
[10] In the four-horse chariot-race of the 416 games, as Thucydides and others describe.
J.K. Davies, Athenian Propertied Families 600-300 BC (Oxford 1971) s.v.
Robert Develin, Athenian Officials 684-321 BC (Cambridge 1989) s.v.
Keywords: athletics; biography; dreams; food; gender and sexuality; geography; history; military affairs; philosophy; politics; religion; rhetoric; women
Translated by: Debra Hamel on 12 August 1999@19:50:51.
Vetted by:
Ross Scaife ✝ on 21 February 2000@09:20:43.
David Whitehead (modified translation; added further notes and bibliography) on 18 September 2000@06:28:48.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 17 January 2004@00:50:32.
Catharine Roth on 17 January 2004@00:51:08.
David Whitehead (x-ref; more keywords) on 18 January 2004@04:12:56.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 9 October 2005@08:30:15.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 4 December 2005@06:32:50.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 7 February 2012@06:49:44.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 22 January 2014@09:02:25.
David Whitehead (expanded n.3) on 22 January 2014@09:11:49.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 22 January 2014@23:01:25.
Catharine Roth (further expansion) on 22 January 2014@23:05:35.
Catharine Roth (more expansion) on 23 January 2014@17:43:22.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@04:37:50.


Test Database Real Database

(Try these tips for more productive searches.)

No. of records found: 1    Page 1

End of search