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Headword: *marsu/as
Adler number: mu,227
Translated headword: Marsyas
Vetting Status: high
Son of Periander, from Pella, an historian.[1] This man was formerly a schoolmaster, and brother to the Antigonus who later became king.[2] He grew up in company with King Alexander.[3] He wrote a History of Macedonia in ten books, which began with the first king of Macedon[4] and extended as far as the attack against Syria by Alexander, Philip's son, after the foundation of Alexandria[5]; a History of Attica in twelve books; and an Education of Alexander himself.[6]
Greek Original:
*marsu/as, *peria/ndrou, *pellai=os, i(storiko/s. ou(=tos de\ h)=n pro/teron grammatodida/skalos, kai\ a)delfo\s *)antigo/nou tou= meta\ tau=ta basileu/santos, su/ntrofos de\ *)aleca/ndrou tou= basile/ws. e)/graye *makedonika\ e)n bibli/ois de/ka: h)/rcato de\ a)po\ tou= prw/tou basileu/santos *makedo/nwn, kai\ me/xri th=s *)aleca/ndrou tou= *fili/ppou e)pi\ th\n *suri/an e)fo/dou, meta\ th\n *)alecandrei/as kti/sin: *)attika\ e)n bibli/ois ib#: kai\ au)tou= *)aleca/ndrou a)gwgh/n.
[1] OCD(4) s.v. Marsyas(2). His dates are uncertain: probably he was born about the same year as Alexander, that is 356 BCE. and died some time after 294. The few fragments of Marsyas' History of Macedonia are collected in Jacoby FGrH 135.
[2] Antigonus I (Monophthalmos) c.382-301 BCE.
[3] That is, Marsyas was chosen together with the sons of other prominent Macedonians such as Antipater's son Cassander and Ptolemy, son of Lagus, to be among the young prince's companions.
[4] Caranus.
[5] Alexandria was founded in 331 BCE.
[6] It has been suggested that the Education of Alexander was not a separate work but the final two books in Marsyas' History of Macedonia. See Heckel (below) pp. 459-460.
H. Berve, Das Alexanderreich auf prosopographischer Grundlage (Munich: 1926) No.489, v. 2 pp. 247-248
W. Heckel, 'Marsyas of Pella, Historian of Macedon', Hermes 108 (1980) pp. 444-462
R. Laqueur, 'Marsyas 8' in RE XIV.2, cols. 1995-1998
L. Pearson, The Lost Histories of Alexander the Great (American Philological Association: New York 1960) pp. 253-254
Keywords: biography; chronology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Tony Natoli on 10 December 2000@18:56:36.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics; raised status) on 11 December 2000@03:32:47.
David Whitehead (supplemented translation; added keyword; cosmetics) on 20 December 2002@04:13:12.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 8 May 2013@03:45:04.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 9 August 2014@07:24:29.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 25 March 2015@23:46:55.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 26 March 2015@03:38:51.


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